A VERY FINE AND EXTREMELY RARE MIXED-FRANKING COVER FROM THE PRISON HOSPITAL ESTABLISHED NEAR THE GETTYSBURG BATTLEFIELD. APPROXIMATELY A DOZEN GETTYSBURG COVERS KNOWN, OF WHICH PERHAPS HALF HAVE UNITED STATES AND CONFEDERATE STATES STAMPS IN COMBINATION.
In the aftermath of the bloody battle of Gettysburg, the Letterman General Hospital was used for wounded Confederate prisoners too sick to travel to the regular prisons. The sender of this cover, a Confederate soldier named A. C. Myers, was severely wounded in the arm and captured. Prior to his removal to Baltimore, this cover was censored and mailed at the Gettysburg post office.
Signed Brian Green
AN EXTREMELY FINE AND VERY RARE EXPRESS COMPANY USAGE TO A CONFEDERATE PRISONER AT JOHNSON'S ISLAND.
According to prisoner-of-war records, Captain Anderson was captured and imprisoned on April 3, 1865. Ex Kohlhepp and Allen
A VERY FINE AND EXTREMELY UNUSUAL FRANKING, SHOWING THE COMBINATION OF UNITED STATES AND CONFEDERATE STAMPS NORMALLY FOUND ON PRISONER-OF-WAR COVERS, BUT IN THIS CASE REQUIRED FOR FORWARDING WITH THE 10-CENT STAMP CANCELLED AT TUSCALOOSA.
It is theorized that the Tuscaloosa "X" mark was applied to soldiers' mail during the Dalton-Atlanta campaign (see Confederate Philatelist, May 1961). Its use on this prisoner-of-war cover is extremely unusual and rare. Signed Brian Green
AN IMPORTANT LETTER FROM ONE OF THE LEGENDARY "600" CONFEDERATE OFFICERS, IN WHICH THE WRITER STATES "I AM ONE OF 600 OFFICERS WHO HAVE BEEN ORDERED TO BE READY TO GO TO HILTON HEAD S.C. & WE EXPECT TO START AT ANY MOMENT. WE UNDERSTAND WE ARE TO BE PLACED UNDER THE FIRE OF ONE OF OUR BATTERIES IN RETALIATION FOR UNION OFFICERS SO EXPOSED IN CHARLESTON."
Cover with full endorsement and addressed to his father at Camden S.C., 3c Rose (65) tied by grid, "Delaware City Del. Aug. 24" cds, oval examiner's handstamp, "Richmond Va. Sep. 6" cds and "10" C.S.A. rate handstamp, fresh and Very Fine.
As the writer (and member of the group) states so succinctly, the "600" was a group of 600 prisoners, all Confederate officers, moved to Morris Island in Charleston harbor in August 1864 and held in open barracks exposed to mortar fire from Confederate batteries. This extraordinarily inhumane act was the Federal response to an equally repulsive act on the part of Confederates in Charleston, who exposed Union prisoners to bombardment from Federal forces within range of the city. This sorry chapter of the war ended in a stalemate in October 1864. Covers from Confederate prisoners en route to and from or imprisoned on Morris Island are very rare - this example from the Johnson correspondence is especially noteworthy for its historical content. Although postal markings and dates are used to identify prisoners' mail from the Confederate "600" (and their Union counterparts), this letter containing an explicit description of the prisoner's fate is outstanding.
Ex Kohn and Allen