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Sale 795 — Confederate States

Sale Date — Tuesday, 28 October, 1997

Category — Prisoner-of-War Mail from Federal Prisons

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
1449°
c
Camp Chase. Brown cover addressed to a prisoner-of-war in Prison No. 3, sender's routing "By Flag of Truce" and contents identified as "$5 U.S. Currency", faint pencil examiner's marks, 3c Rose (65) at upper right has trimmed perfs and was affixed with glue, leading someone to speculate on back "Stamp cut from encased currency" (a possibility but unprovable), Fine and unusual

E. 400-500
0
1450°
c
Camp Douglas. Manuscript "Examined by Adams Jr." and with "Via Fort Monroe for Steamer Gearing, Flag of Truce" at bottom, bearing 3c Rose (65) tied by "Chicago Ill. Apr. 30" double-circle ds duplex with target and addressed to Vice President Stephens at Richmond, blue "DUE" and "5" handstamps, back of cover bears blue "Petersburg Va., May 22" datestamp, struck partly on backflap which is missing, some edgewear, Fine and very rare routing through Petersburg, which was used as an exchange point for only four months

E. 750-1,000
625
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1451°
c
Camp Douglas. Two bold strikes of examiner's oval hs on back of blue-gray cover made from printed legal guardianship form, to Franklin N.C. with prisoner's endorsement from a member of 62nd N.C. Vol., 10c Greenish Blue, Die A (11c), huge margins all around, tied by "Richmond Va. May 4" (1864) cds, used with 3c Rose (65), cancelled by blue segmented cork, matching "Chicago Ill. Apr. 14 '64" double-circle ds, Very Fine, rare adversity usage with mixed franking

E. 1,000-1,500
1,500
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1452°
c
Camp Douglas. Usual light strike of examiner's circular hs, 10c Blue, Die A (11), full to large margins, minor gum toning, tied by "Richmond Va. Feb. 13" (1865) cds on blue prisoner-of-war cover made from printed bill of lading, Western & Atlantic Railroad, to Rutherfordton N.C., Very Fine and choice prisoner's adversity cover

E. 750-1,000
550
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1453°
c
Camp Douglas. Ms. "Exd Hill" examiner's mark on cover to Springfield Tenn., 3c Rose (65) tied by blue "Chicago Ill. Aug. 6, 186?" double-circle ds and target, with prisoner's letter enclosed, pretty bland content except mention of violins and music in the camp, slightly reduced at right, Fine

E. 100-150
500
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1454°
c
Sale Number 795, Lot Number 1454, Prisoner-of-War Mail from Federal PrisonsCamp Elmira, Camp ElmiraCamp Elmira. Bluish gray cover to prisoner-of-war at Camp Elmira "Care of Maj. Colt, Provost Marshal", 10c Deep Blue, Die B (12), full margins, pen cancel and tied by pencil "Examined" mark, contents noted across top "50c U.S. Postal Currency", red ms. "Ex" examiner's mark and red pencil "C", directed to Ward C at Elmira, flap unsealed for censors, Very Fine, a choice and very rare cover - though Elmira was one of the larger prisons, from which censored P.O.W. covers are abundant, covers to the camp are scarce, and this example, bearing a Confederate stamp and indication of money contents, is most unusual

E. 1,000-1,500
0
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1455°
c
Sale Number 795, Lot Number 1455, Prisoner-of-War Mail from Federal PrisonsCamp Elmira, Camp ElmiraCamp Elmira. Brown homemade cover to a prisoner-of-war at Elmira with uncancelled 10c Greenish Blue, Die A (11c), large margins, money letter containing "$5 U.S.T. Note" (U.S. Treasury Note), examiner's markings, Very Fine, money letters to Confederate prisoners are rare

E. 300-400
260
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1456°
c
Gettysburg Pa. (Letterman General Hospital). Ms. "Examined, James Bank(?) Jr., Lt. Col. & Prov. Mar" censor's mark on cover to Germanton N.C., 3c Rose (65) cancelled by blue grid, matching "Gettysburg Pa. 1863 Aug. 18" double-circle datestamp, used with 10c Blue, Die A (11), deep shade but cut in, minor gum toning, tied by "Richmond Va. Aug. 26, 1863" circular datestamp

A VERY FINE AND EXTREMELY RARE MIXED-FRANKING COVER FROM THE PRISON HOSPITAL ESTABLISHED NEAR THE GETTYSBURG BATTLEFIELD. APPROXIMATELY A DOZEN GETTYSBURG COVERS KNOWN, OF WHICH PERHAPS HALF HAVE UNITED STATES AND CONFEDERATE STATES STAMPS IN COMBINATION.

In the aftermath of the bloody battle of Gettysburg, the Letterman General Hospital was used for wounded Confederate prisoners too sick to travel to the regular prisons. The sender of this cover, a Confederate soldier named A. C. Myers, was severely wounded in the arm and captured. Prior to his removal to Baltimore, this cover was censored and mailed at the Gettysburg post office.

Signed Brian Green

E. 2,000-3,000
3,500
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1457°
c
Sale Number 795, Lot Number 1457, Prisoner-of-War Mail from Federal PrisonsJohnson's Island, Johnson's IslandJohnson's Island. Well-struck "G.S.B." (George S. Brown) examiner's oval handstamp on light gray Virginia Tobacco Agency, New York advertising cover to Capt. C. D. Anderson, a prisoner-of-war, care of Col. C. W. Hill, at Johnson's Island, carried by Adams Express Company, five red wax seals on back from Adams Richmond Va. office, ms. "$100.00" indicating money contents, ms. "Paid 8/- R.W.L." express charge (8 bits or $1.00, including 25c for basic express service and balance for special charges), pencil notations incl. "pd 25" on back, "$100 - DeWolf, 30c chgs" and "Bills 4p" on front

AN EXTREMELY FINE AND VERY RARE EXPRESS COMPANY USAGE TO A CONFEDERATE PRISONER AT JOHNSON'S ISLAND.

According to prisoner-of-war records, Captain Anderson was captured and imprisoned on April 3, 1865. Ex Kohlhepp and Allen

E. 2,000-3,000
2,000
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1458°
c
Sale Number 795, Lot Number 1458, Prisoner-of-War Mail from Federal Prisons10c Rose (5), 10c Rose (5)10c Rose (5). Bright color, full to large margins all around, tied by bold "Chattanooga Ten. Aug. 5, 1862" cds on turned prisoner's cover addresed to Mrs. Josephine Wilson at Atapulgus Ga., the turned usage originally contained $1.00 in gold held by yellow paper and addressed to a prisoner-of-war (the original sender) at Johnson's Island, ms. "By Flag of Truce via Fortress Monroe", Very Fine and fascinating, fairly early usage of the 10c Rose and probably unique as a turned prisoner's letter, a genuine gold coin accompanies the cover, signed and with Ashbrook handstamp, ex Walcott, Emerson

E. 3,000-4,000
4,500
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1459°
c
Johnson's Island. Ms. censor's mark "Ex DSA" on brown homemade cover to Mebanesville N.C., endorsed "Per Flag of Truce via Fortress Monroe Va." but without prisoner's name, 3c Rose (65), corner crease and small perf flaws, tied by "Sandusky O. Jul. 28 '64" double-circle ds and target, used with 10c Blue, Die A (11), full to large margins, minor gum soaks, tied by "Richmond Va. Aug. 17" cds, very slight wear at corners, Very Fine, choice combination with both stamps neatly tied, signed Brian Green

E. 1,000-1,500
1,700
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1460°
c
Johnson's Island. Prisoner's endorsement "From J .W. Lapsley, 1st Lt. Co. E. 51st Ala., Prisoner of War, Johnson's Island, Ohio" on small cover to his wife at Tuscaloosa Ala., ms. "ExA" censor's mark, 3c Rose (65) tied by "Sandusky O. Jul. 12, '64" double-circle ds and target, also tied by "Richmond Va. Jul. 20" cds, forwarded to Shelby Springs with 10c Grayish Blue, Die A (11 var), an unusual and distinctive shade, large margins, tied by bold "Tuscaloosa Aug. 18" cds, well-struck "X" handstamp of Tuscaloosa at right

A VERY FINE AND EXTREMELY UNUSUAL FRANKING, SHOWING THE COMBINATION OF UNITED STATES AND CONFEDERATE STAMPS NORMALLY FOUND ON PRISONER-OF-WAR COVERS, BUT IN THIS CASE REQUIRED FOR FORWARDING WITH THE 10-CENT STAMP CANCELLED AT TUSCALOOSA.

It is theorized that the Tuscaloosa "X" mark was applied to soldiers' mail during the Dalton-Atlanta campaign (see Confederate Philatelist, May 1961). Its use on this prisoner-of-war cover is extremely unusual and rare. Signed Brian Green

E. 2,000-3,000
2,950
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1461°
c
Johnson's Island. Oval examiner's "G.S.B." hs on back of cover to officer with 8th Va. Regt., 3c Rose (65) tied by "New Haven Ky. May 2" cds and target, Very Fine, marking sturck on side flap (could be opened and shown), interesting usage from Kentucky to a Confederate prisoner

E. 200-300
0
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1462°
c
The Confederate "600" (from Fort Delaware). Buff cover and original letter from Lieut. W. E. Johnson Jr., a Confederate prisoner at Fort Delaware, datelined "Officers Prison, Division 28, Fort Delaware, August 19, 1864"

AN IMPORTANT LETTER FROM ONE OF THE LEGENDARY "600" CONFEDERATE OFFICERS, IN WHICH THE WRITER STATES "I AM ONE OF 600 OFFICERS WHO HAVE BEEN ORDERED TO BE READY TO GO TO HILTON HEAD S.C. & WE EXPECT TO START AT ANY MOMENT. WE UNDERSTAND WE ARE TO BE PLACED UNDER THE FIRE OF ONE OF OUR BATTERIES IN RETALIATION FOR UNION OFFICERS SO EXPOSED IN CHARLESTON."

Cover with full endorsement and addressed to his father at Camden S.C., 3c Rose (65) tied by grid, "Delaware City Del. Aug. 24" cds, oval examiner's handstamp, "Richmond Va. Sep. 6" cds and "10" C.S.A. rate handstamp, fresh and Very Fine.

As the writer (and member of the group) states so succinctly, the "600" was a group of 600 prisoners, all Confederate officers, moved to Morris Island in Charleston harbor in August 1864 and held in open barracks exposed to mortar fire from Confederate batteries. This extraordinarily inhumane act was the Federal response to an equally repulsive act on the part of Confederates in Charleston, who exposed Union prisoners to bombardment from Federal forces within range of the city. This sorry chapter of the war ended in a stalemate in October 1864. Covers from Confederate prisoners en route to and from or imprisoned on Morris Island are very rare - this example from the Johnson correspondence is especially noteworthy for its historical content. Although postal markings and dates are used to identify prisoners' mail from the Confederate "600" (and their Union counterparts), this letter containing an explicit description of the prisoner's fate is outstanding.

Ex Kohn and Allen

E. 1,500-2,000
1,900
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1463°
c
The Confederate "600" (from Fort Pulaski). Buff cover with full endorsement by Lieut. W. E. Johnson Jr. as a prisoner held at Fort Pulaski Ga. (see Antrim p. 58 for identical cover), addressed to his wife in Liberty Hill S.C., "Care of Col. John H. Lay, Charleston S.C.", "Charleston S.C. Jan. 8" (1865) cds and large "10" C.S.A. due handstamp, magenta ms. "Ex" examiner's mark, unsealed for censoring, fresh and Extremely Fine, a choice cover from the Johnson correspondence; Lieut. Johnson was one of the 600 Confederate officers held in open barracks on Morris Island exposed to mortar fire from Confederate batteries - after the stalemate, some prisoners were moved to captured Fort Pulaski - ex Kohn

E. 750-1,000
625
Back to Top
1464°
c
Sale Number 795, Lot Number 1464, Prisoner-of-War Mail from Federal PrisonsOhio State Penitentiary, Ohio State PenitentiaryOhio State Penitentiary. Cover from Maj. Robert Bullock, a member of Morgan's Raiders, to his wife in Lexington Ky., 3c Rose (65) tied by target and "Columbus O. Dec. 7" (1863) double-circle ds, ms. examiner's mark of aide-de-camp R. Lamb, Very Fine, after Morgan's escape from Ohio Penitentiary, Maj. Bullock and other raiders were transferred to Fort Delaware in March 1864, fewer than a dozen covers recorded from this prison, most from the Bullock correspondence

E. 500-750
500
Back to Top
1465°
c
Ohio State Penitentiary. Cover from Maj. Robert Bullock, a member of Morgan's Raiders, to his wife in Lexington Ky., 3c Rose (65) tied by target and "Columbus O. Dec. 9" (1863) double-circle ds, ms. examiner's mark of aide-de-camp R. Lamb, Very Fine, after Morgan's escape from Ohio Penitentiary, Maj. Bullock and other raiders were transferred to Fort Delaware in March 1864, fewer than a dozen covers recorded from this prison, most from the Bullock correspondence

E. 500-750
325
Back to Top
1466°
c
Fort Delaware. Oval examiner's hs on orange cover from Maj. Bullock, one of Morgan's Raiders, to his wife in Lexington Ky., 3c Rose, grid cancel, "Delaware City Del. Jun. 30" (1864) cds, reduced slightly at left, fresh and Very Fine, after Morgan's escape from Ohio State Penitentiary, Bullock and other raiders were moved to Fort Delaware

E. 150-200
350
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1467°
c
Rock Island. Blue oval "Rock Island/Prisoner's Letter/Examined" handstamp on embossed Valentine cover with original enclosure, addressed as incoming mail to Rock Island, bearing 3c Rose (65) tied by bold geometric handstamp, matching "Old Point Comfort Va., Feb. 6" double-circle ds, some toning spots, file fold affects stamp, still a Very Fine and very rare Valentine, illustrated on the cover of January-February 1979 issue of The Confederate Philatelist, ex Kaufmann

E. 1,000-1,500
1,050
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1468°
c
Sale Number 795, Lot Number 1468, Prisoner-of-War Mail from Federal PrisonsWashington D.C. (Prison), Washington D.C. (Prison)Washington D.C. (Prison). Four-line framed hs "Approved by Order of/Henry B. Todd,/Capt. & Prov. Marshal/[signed] J. W. Sturtevant/Lieut. & Adjutant", 10c Greenish Blue, Die A (11c), large margins, tied by "Richmond Va. Jan. 18" (1864) cds on homemade cover to Catawba Station N.C., prisoner's endorsement from a private in the 48th Regt. N.C. Vol., Very Fine, the use of this Washington D.C. Provost Marshal marking on a cover from a captured Confederate soldier, with a Confederate stamp, is unusual and rare

E. 1,500-2,000
0
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