EXTREMELY FINE. THE ONLY KNOWN EXAMPLE OF THE EMORY PROVISIONAL SHOWING ANY TRACE OF THE IMPRINT OR PLATE NUMBER. ONLY NINE STAMPS RECORDED ON COVERS, OF WHICH ONLY FIVE ARE CANCELLED. AN OUTSTANDING CONFEDERATE POSTMASTER PROVISIONAL COVER.
The Emory postmaster, I. C. Fowler, created his provisional issue by stamping his "Paid" and "5" rate markings on the blank selvage of demonetized United States 1c 1857 Issue sheets. This method is unique among Confederate provisionals and, in all of philately, there are few issues created from sheet selvage. The Philadelphia carrier stamps made from the selvage of imperforate 1c 1851 sheets are similar in concept to the Emory provisionals.
The plate number captured on this example is in the selvage adjacent to Position 51 in the left pane of plate 8. Plate number blocks from this plate are very scarce - an unused imprint and plate number block of eight is included in this lot (heavily thinned).
In our opinion this is the finest of the nine recorded Emory provisional covers. Ex Caspary and Freeland. The plate number single on cover is not listed in Scott
AN EXTREMELY FINE AND IMPORTANT CONFEDERATE POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL COVER, SHOWING THE ONLY RECORDED USE OF THE FREDERICKSBURG STAMP BY POSTMASTER REUBEN T. THOM.
The Crown book records approximately 27 covers with the Fredericksburg provisional. This example is a very early usage (eku Sep. 5), and it is the only letter or cover from Postmaster Thom himself. Ex Caspary and Wiseman. With 1996 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE. THE DISCOVERY COPY AND STILL THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF THIS GALVESTON POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL ENTIRE WITH "PAID 5" AND DOUBLE-CIRCLE DATESTAMP CONFIGURATION.
With 1985 P.F. certificate stating "genuine provisional usage"
EXTREMELY FINE. THE ONLY RECORDED USED EXAMPLE OF THE EARLIEST TYPE OF GEORGETOWN PROVISIONAL ENTIRE WITH SEPARATE "PAID" AND "5" NUMERAL HANDSTAMPS.
The existence of unused entires with the "Paid" and "5" (Dietz Ty. IB) handstamps has been known for some time and is the basis of the Dietz "unused" listing. However, this used entire with the same markings and control mark substantiates its provisional status, but this fact has not yet resulted in a Scott Catalogue listing, which would be 28XU2.
EXTREMELY FINE AND FRESH. THE FINEST OF THE FOUR RECORDED OFF-COVER EXAMPLES OF THE 5-CENT GREENVILLE PROVISIONAL STAMP (TWO OTHER COVERS KNOWN). UNLIKE THE OTHER THREE STAMPS OFF COVER, THIS EXAMPLE IS COMPLETELY SOUND AND ALSO HAS RICH COLOR. ONE OF THE FIRST BI-COLORED POSTAGE STAMPS TO APPEAR IN THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE. AN OUTSTANDING RARITY OF CLASSIC AMERICAN PHILATELY.
The stamps prepared by Greenville postmaster, Judge B. F. Porter, are remarkable not only for their rarity, but even more so as one of two Confederate provisionals printed in two colors - the other being the Baton Rouge 5c in green and carmine. These are the first government-issued, bi-colored adhesive postage stamps to appear anywhere in the Western Hemisphere, and, as such, they deserve special recognition by philatelists.
After a thorough search of relevant records (auction sales, Levi clippings, Philatelic Foundation and Confederate Stamp Alliance certificates) we have located only eight examples of either Greenville denomination, including four off-cover 5c stamps (all uncancelled and Type I), two 5c covers (both Type I), and two 10c covers (both Type II). Curiously, there is no genuine 5c Type II (Scott 33X1a) in any of the sources consulted, but there is an illustration of a 5c Type II in the 1929 Dietz book (p. 47), which is a reputed counterfeit - the 10c Type I in the same photo is counterfeit and is thought to have come from a group offered in the Ferrary sale. Based on the evidence we have seen, it is our opinion that the 5c exists only as Type I with Roman letters, and the 10c only as Type II with italics. The Scott listing for 33X1a is in question until a genuine 5c Type II stamp is found.
On the subject of value, we wish to note that the Birkinbine collection, from which this unused stamp comes, contained one of the two recorded 5c covers, which was sold privately to a collector for a price significantly higher than the $18,000 1997 Scott value. The $4,500 Scott value for an unused 5c has not been changed in thirteen years and should not be considered a reliable guide to current market value.
Illustrated in the 1929 Dietz book (p. 47) and in color in the 1986 edition. Ex Lilly. P.F. certificate 12426 no longer accompanies stamp.
EXTREMELY FINE AND RARE USE OF JACKSON PROVISIONAL HANDSTAMP ON OVERALL ADVERTISING COVER.
This and the following lot are the only hotel advertising covers with the Jackson Miss. provisional handstamp contained in the Levi records. Ex MacBride, Salomon and Haas
EXTREMELY FINE AND BEAUTIFUL. THE SECOND OF TWO RECORDED JACKSON PROVISIONAL HANDSTAMPS ON ADVERTISING COVERS.
Only two hotel advertising covers with the Jackson Miss. provisional handstamp are contained in the Levi records. A perfect mate to the previous example in pink. Ex Dietz (signed) and Haas
ATTRACTIVE STAMP AND EXTREMELY FINE COVER. THE FINER OF ONLY TWO RECORDED COLLEGE COVERS WITH THE LENOIR PROVISIONAL.
Ex Dietz (signed on flap). Illustrated in 1986 Dietz catalogue (p. 239) where valued at $10,500.00. Scott Retail $7,000.00 for normal cover
VERY FINE STAMP AND ATTRACTIVE COVER. PERHAPS SIX OR SEVEN FOUR-MARGIN EXAMPLES OF THE LYNCHBURG PROVISIONAL EXIST ON COVER.
Of the 20 single Lynchburg provisional stamps known on cover, only six or seven have four full margins, while the majority are cut into on one side. The few known pairs and the left margin of the example on this cover show the narrow space between stamps.
Ex Emerson, Brooks, MacBride and Jennings. With 1957 P.F. certificate. Scott Retail $5,000.00
VERY FINE. ONE OF TWO RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE LYNCHBURG PROVISIONAL ON ILLUSTRATED FIRE INSURANCE ADVERTISING COVERS. A MARVELOUS EXHIBITION ITEM.
The stamp on the other recorded advertising cover is tied, but the cover has had the address cut out and is in rather poor condition. This cover is by far the finer of the two. Although the stamp barely missed being cancelled, the September 4th date (before General Issues were prepared) and absence of any rate marking leaves no doubt that the provisional was used on this cover. Scott Retail for a normal cover is $5,000.00
VERY FINE AND BEAUTIFUL COVER. ONLY THREE OR FOUR EXAMPLES OF THIS WESLEYAN FEMALE COLLEGE CORNER CARD DESIGN ARE KNOWN WITH THE MACON PROVISIONAL.
Ex Antrim. Scott Retail for a normal cover is $4,000.00
FINE. EXCEEDINGLY SCARCE FIVE-TIMES RATE FRANKING. ONE OF THE GREATEST MEMPHIS PROVISIONAL COVERS IN EXISTENCE.
Ex Caspary, Matz, Stonewall
A FINE AND EXTREMELY RARE MEMPHIS PROVISIONAL USAGE.
Ex Caspary, Matz, Meroni, Stonewall
FINE AND VERY SCARCE. ONE OF ONLY THREE RECORDED TETE-BECHE PAIRS ON COVER, AND THE ONLY COVER RECORDED WITH THE STAMPS HEAD-TO-HEAD.
Bayou Sara was a dockside settlement approximately 100 miles from New Orleans. Of the three tete-beche pairs recorded on covers, the others are a foot-to-foot vertical pair and side-to-side horizontal pair. The only off-cover example is the famous Walcott block. The narrow spacing of these stamps is clearly evident in the pair, which accounts for the many Memphis provisionals that are cut into.
Ex Ferrary and Walcott. With 1992 C.S.A. certificate
VERY FINE APPEARING STAMP AND AN ATTRACTIVE SMALL COVER. EXTREMELY RARE EXAMPLE OF THE 2-CENT MOBILE PROVISIONAL USED ON A DROP LETTER.
In our opinion the 2c Mobile provisional is generally under-appreciated. Its allegorical design is unusual among Confederate provisionals - the only other postmaster's adhesive stamps with a pictorial design were issued at Livingston Ala. (a similar design probably by the same printer who produced the Mobile provisionals) and Port Lavacca Tex. (a crude ship representation). In terms of rarity, the 2c value was used almost exclusively on drop letters and circulars, of which very few have survived - the Crown book records just 23 covers with the 2c Mobile. However, despite its distinctive design and established rarity, the 2c Mobile is assigned the lowest value among the ten different 2c Confederate provisionals listed and priced in the Scott Catalogue. By our estimation the Mobile should be valued at least on a par with the New Orleans 2c Blue provisional on cover, which is more common (29 recorded) but priced at $3,500.
VERY FINE. A COLORFUL AND REMARKABLY ATTRACTIVE NASHVILLE PROVISIONAL COVER.
From our 1983 Rarities sale where it realized $3,190, Scott Retail $2,500.00
FRESH AND VERY FINE. ONE OF FIVE RECORDED COVERS WITH THE 5-CENT NASHVILLE PROVISIONAL USED IN COMBINATION WITH A UNITED STATES STAMP, THIS BEING THE ONLY ONE ALSO TREATED AS A "SOUTHERN LETTER UNPAID".
Two of the five recorded Adams Express covers with the 5c Nashville are from the Knowles correspondence to Rhode Island. One of the five is a North-to-South usage with the provisional paying postage from Nashville to Cleveland, Tennessee. The fourth cover has Adams and Louisville post office markings with dates matching this cover (Aug. 21 and 22) and a 3c 1857 affixed over the Star Die; however, it is addressed to Kentucky and was accepted as prepaid by the receiving post office. This cover was handled by Adams within days of the August 26th termination date for all express intercourse between the North and South and also at the point when Northern post offices commenced demonetization of old stamps. The exchange period in Louisville began August 22nd for three days; beginning on August 25th, stamps other than the new 1861 Issue would no longer be accepted by the Louisville post office. The St. Paul office clearly refused to recognize a 3c 1857 on mail originating in the South, making this a remarkable "Southern Letter Unpaid" express usage.
Adams was required to pay Confederate postage, but letters never actually entered the mails at Nashville. Instead, the blue "Postage Paid" marking was used to indicate prepayment.
Ex Deats and Piller
AN EXTREMELY FINE GEM STAMP AND PRISTINE COVER. ONE OF THE FINEST-QUALITY NASHVILLE PROVISIONAL COVERS EXTANT.
Ex Haas (our 1980 sale where it realized $2,420). Scott Retail $2,250.00
VERY FINE. VERY RARE USAGE PAYING THE 2c CIRCULAR FEE RATE.
The stamp was mostly used to pay the 2c drop letter rate, and circular rate usages are rare. Ex Meroni, Moody, Clapp. With 1992 C.S.A. certificate
A BRILLIANT EXAMPLE OF THE ELUSIVE DEEP VERMILION SHADE OF THE RARE NEW ORLEANS 2-CENT RED PROVISIONAL. ONLY EIGHT COVERS RECORDED WITH THE 2-CENT IN ANY SHADE OF RED.
The New Orleans postmaster, J. L. Riddell, prepared provisional stamps in June 1861 and advertised them for sale on June 12th. The 2c Red stamps were printed without the marginal inscription "Usable exclusively in the New Orleans Post Office". The 5c and subsequent 2c Blue printings all have the imprint. It is the accepted theory that the 2c Red stamps were printed first, before Riddell added the imprint, and were withheld from use until January 1862 when the supply of 2c Blue stamps was exhausted. The Crown book lists six 2c Red covers, while Dr. Hubert C. Skinner (The Congress Book, 1978) recorded eight covers.
Scott Retail $25,000.00
VERY FINE AND FRESH. A REMARKABLE ADVERSITY COVER SHOWING RIVER-MAIL USAGE IN TWO DIRECTIONS, THE RETURN TRIP WITH A NEW ORLEANS POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL CANCELLED ON ARRIVAL AT THE WHARF OFFICE.
Signed Ashbrook. Ex Weatherly, "Old Oak"
EXTREMELY FINE EXAMPLE OF THE RARE PRINTED-ON-BOTH-SIDES VARIETY. PROBABLY FEWER THAN A DOZEN EXAMPLES EXIST ON EITHER WHITE OR BLUISH PAPER.
Ex Col. Green and Grant (where described as "probably the finest known"). Scott value of $1,500.00 is in no way indicative of the true rarity of this provisional stamp variety