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Sale 795 — Confederate States

Sale Date — Tuesday, 28 October, 1997

Category — Postmasters Provisionals

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
293°
c
Abingdon Va., 5c Black entire (2XU2). Well-struck provisional hs and "Abingdon Va. 1861 Oct. 11" cds on mourning envelope to Glade Spring Va., small faint smear in address, Extremely Fine and fresh, rare mourning entire, ex Kimmel

E. 1,000-1,500
850
294°
c
Abingdon Va., 5c Black entire (2XU2). Unusually complete strikes of both provisional hs and "Abingdon Va. Jul. 11, 1861" cds - rare type with year date in normal position - on buff cover to Glade Spring Va., sender's forwarding instructions at left, tiny edge tear at bottom, Extremely Fine, ex Frazier

1,100
650
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295°
c
Abingdon Va., 5c Black entire (2XU2). Ty. II with period after "CENTS", clear strike on orange cover to Clinton Tenn., "Abingdon Va. Nov. 21, 1861" cds, trivial edgewear, Very Fine and choice strike, approximately sixteen known, with Weill backstamp

1,100
700
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296°
c
Sale Number 795, Lot Number 296, Postmasters ProvisionalsAbingdon Va., 5c Black entire (2XU2), Abingdon Va., 5c Black entire (2XU2)Abingdon Va., 5c Black entire (2XU2). Neat strike of provisional hs over box charge no., "Abingdon Va. Aug. 27, 1861" cds on folded letter to Richmond Va., light edge toning, Very Fine strike, ex Stonewall

1,100
575
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297°
c
Abingdon Va., 10c Black entire (2XU3). Provisional handstamp clearly struck on unused entire made from printed shipping rate conversion chart

EXTREMELY FINE. THE ONLY RECORDED UNUSED ABINGDON 10-CENT PROVISIONAL ENTIRE.

This unused example of the Abingdon 10c provisional entire proves that prepaid envelopes were prepared in advance of sale. This unique unused entire is the basis of the Scott Catalogue listing and is footnoted as such. The used entire has a $3,500.00 Scott Retail value.

E. 2,000-3,000
2,000
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298°
c
Albany Ga., 5c Greenish Blue entire (3XU1). Bold strike on yellow cover to Marion Ala., "Albany Ga. Sep. 7, 1861" cds at right, minor toning, still attractive, Very Fine, approximately eighteen known, ex Dabney, Hubbell, Keeling

750
290
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299°
 
Athens Ga., 5c Purple (5X1). Type I showing small "Paid", huge margins all around, deep shade, lightly cancelled by grid, Extremely Fine Gem, ex Caspary

950
2,600
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300°
 
Athens Ga., 5c Purple (5X1). Type II showing large "Paid", huge margins all around, lightly cancelled by grid, Extremely Fine Gem

950
1,050
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301°
c
Athens Ga., 5c Purple (5X1). Type I showing small "Paid", huge margins all around, lightly cancelled by grid, matching "Athens Ga. Paid Dec. 1" (1861) cds on mostly complete folded letter made from blue-lined stationery, from the Parker King correspondence to Marion Ala., bottom panel of letter removed not affecting size or appearance of cover

EXTREMELY FINE STAMP AND FRESH COVER. THIS COVER WAS ONE OF CASPARY'S FINEST BEARING A SINGLE ATEHENS PROVISIONAL STAMP.

Ex Caspary, Corwin. With 1982 P.F. certificate. Scott Retail $2,400.00

E. 3,000-4,000
5,500
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302°
c
Athens Ga., 5c Purple (5X1). Type II, large margins, tied by light strike of grid, matching "Athens Ga. Dec. 12" cds on light blue cover to Augusta Geo., crease in right margin of stamp, missing top flap, otherwise Very Fine, ex Caspary, Stonewall

2,100
1,000
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303°
c
Athens Ga., 5c Purple (5X1). Type I, large margins, light cancel (not tied) on 3c Red Star Die entire to Richmond Va., Dec. 21 cds, reduced at right and slight edgewear, Fine and very rare usage, ex Stonewall

E. 500-750
800
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304°
c
Atlanta Ga., 5c Black entire (6XU2). Mostly clear provisional handstamp with mostly bold "Atlanta Ga. Sep. 11, 1861" cds on red and blue Hand-Held 11-Star Confederate Flag and "Fast Colors...warranted not to run" Patriotic cover to McKinley Ala.

VERY FINE. FEWER THAN A DOZEN PATRIOTIC COVERS KNOWN WITH THE ATLANTA PROVISIONAL HANDSTAMP, OF WHICH ONLY FOUR ARE THIS SCARCE HAND-HELD FLAG DESIGN.

From our 337th Sale, which offered one of the most outstanding Confederate patriotic cover collections ever formed.

3,500
0
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305°
c
Atlanta Ga., 5c Black entire (6XU2). Neat strike on Planters Hotel corner card cover to Florence Ala., "Atlanta Ga. Jun. 17, 1861" cds, slight edgewear, Very Fine, from the second week of usage, six are known on corner cards, with 1992 C.S.A. certificate

E. 750-1,000
2,200
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306°
c
Atlanta Ga., 5c Black entire (6XU2). Perfectly struck provisional hs and "Atlanta Ga. Oct. 30, 1861" cds on buff cover to Griffin Ga., Extremely Fine, unusually choice quality, ex Emerson, Brooks

550
600
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307°
c
Atlanta Ga., 5c Black entire (6XU2). Boldly struck provisional hs with "Atlanta Ga. Nov. 16, 1861" cds on fresh cover to Griffin Ga., Extremely Fine and choice, ex Luff, Haas

550
0
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308°
c
Atlanta Ga., 5c Black entire (6XU5). Bold strike on cover to Savannah Ga., "Atlanta Ga. Sep. 7, 1861" cds, fresh and Very Fine, only five known

700
1,350
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309°
c
Atlanta Ga., 10c Black entire (6XU6). Incredibly bold strikes of provisional hs and "Atlanta Ga. Dec. 8, 1861" cds on cover to Vice Presidernt Stephens in Richmond, flap removed as usual for this correspondence, still Extremely Fine, the 10c provisional is rarely struck so well

650
675
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310°
c
Sale Number 795, Lot Number 310, Postmasters ProvisionalsAtlanta Ga., 10c Black entire (6XU6), Atlanta Ga., 10c Black entire (6XU6)Atlanta Ga., 10c Black entire (6XU6). Neat strike on orange cover to Richmond Va., "Atlanta Ga. Nov. 29, 1861" cds, ms. "paid, charge key box 22", Very Fine, with 1981 P.F. and 1992 C.S.A. certificates

650
475
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311°
c
Austin Tex., 10c on 5c Black Revalued entire (9XU1 var). Old "Paid" and "5" rates overstruck by 10c provisional handstamp, "Austin Tex. Aug. 16, 1862" double-circle ds on buff cover to Athens Tex., with original letter enclosure, slightly reduced at left, Very Fine, a great rarity - fewer than a dozen provisional entires are recorded, this being the only one known to us that shows the old 5c rate handstamps in combination with the 10c rate in effect from June 1, 1862, Scott Retail $1,500.00 for normal Paid 10 entire

E. 2,000-3,000
1,050
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312°
c
Baton Rouge La., 5c Green & Carmine (11X2). Top sheet margin and large even margins all around except at bottom right corner where clear, tied by mostly complete strike of "Baton Rouge La. Oct. 24, 1861" cds on cover to Vernon Miss., from the Mort correspondence, minor flap tear extends to top (simply sealed with archival tape - could be restored invisibly), still Extremely Fine, a very choice Baton Rouge provisional stamp and cover

2,250
1,300
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313°
c
Baton Rouge La., 5c Green & Carmine (11X2). Margins all around, full to large on three sides, minor wrinkles, tied by "Baton Rouge La. Sep. 10, 1861" cds on cover to Carroll Hoy & Co. in New Orleans, usual filing pinholes, few small shallow scuffs in envelope not affecting stamp, Very Fine, the Baton Rouge 5c provisional and the Greenville Ala. provisionals were the first bi-colored postage stamps issued by any country in the Western hemisphere

2,250
1,900
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314°
c
Sale Number 795, Lot Number 314, Postmasters ProvisionalsBaton Rouge La., 5c Green & Carmine (11X2), Baton Rouge La., 5c Green & Carmine (11X2)Baton Rouge La., 5c Green & Carmine (11X2). Pos. 1 showing top left corner sheet margins, other sides full, tied by two strikes of "Baton Rouge La., Sep. 24, 1861" datestamps on lady's cover to Vernon Miss., missing top flap, stamp and cover cleaned with bottom right part of stamp design drawn in, appears Very Fine, ex Heathcote, with 1993 C.S.A. certificate

2,250
700
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315°
og
Baton Rouge La., 5c Green & Carmine (11X3). Large part original gum, two large margins, green ornaments slightly cut in at right and bottom but well clear of red criss-cross border, remarkably fresh and rich colors, small tear at upper right corner reinforced with hinge

VERY FINE DESPITE TINY TEAR. THE ONLY RECORDED BATON ROUGE 5-CENT CRISS-CROSS BORDER (SCOTT 11X3) WITH ORIGINAL GUM. ONLY ONE OTHER UNUSED COPY KNOWN (AND IT IS REPAIRED). A GREAT CONFEDERATE PROVISIONAL RARITY.

Ex Crocker, Caspary, Lilly and Freeland. Scott Retail $3,000.00 does not reflect true rarity of this stamp with original gum.

3,000
4,000
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316°
c
Sale Number 795, Lot Number 316, Postmasters ProvisionalsCanton Miss., 5c Black entire (14XU1), Canton Miss., 5c Black entire (14XU1)Canton Miss., 5c Black entire (14XU1). Absolutely perfect bold strike of provisional hs with clear "Canton Miss. Aug. 28, 1861" cds on cover to Carroll Hoy & Co. in New Orleans, usual filing pinholes, Extremely Fine Gem example of this fancy provisional handstamp - the "P" at center of star is the initial of postmaster William Priestly

1,500
2,000
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317°
c
Canton Miss., 5c Black entire (14XU1). Perfect strike on cover to New Orleans, bold "Canton Miss. Jul. 2" cds, tiny filing hole just barely noticeable in hs, still fresh and Very Fine, ex Walcott, Everett, from the Carroll Hoy correspondence, this is the second earliest recorded usage

1,500
1,150
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318°
c
Canton Miss., 5c Black entire (14XU1). Neat strike on cover to New Orleans, "Canton Miss. Dec. 18, 1861" cds, vertical file fold clear of markings, Fine, from the Carroll Hoy correspondence, signed Dietz, ex Telep, with 1992 C.S.A. certificate

1,500
600
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319°
c
Canton Miss., 5c Black entire (14XU1). Neat strike on cover to Fulton Miss., "Canton Miss. Oct. 5, 1861" cds, some edgewear, horizontal file fold affecting marking, appears Fine, with 1992 C.S.A. certificate

1,500
400
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320°
c
Carolina City N.C., 5c Black entire (118XU1). Provisional "Paid 5" in circle with straightline "Carolina City N.C." control mark and Oct. 7 cds on cover addressed in blue to Sandy Grove N.C., light soiling at left

VERY FINE. THIS IS THE EARLIER OF THE TWO RECORDED COVERS BEARING THIS COMBINATION OF MARKINGS.

Ex Kohn, Cole, Emerson, Everett

3,500
4,250
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321°
 
Charleston S.C., 5c Blue (16X1). Incredibly large margins showing all four outer framelines and the framelines of three surrounding stamps as well, neat Charleston cds, tiny corner tip crease mentioned only for accuracy, Extremely Fine Gem

600
850
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322°
c
Charleston S.C., 5c Blue (16X1). Gigantic margins with all four outer framelines complete and showing a large portion of the adjoining stamp at left, tied by bold "Charleston S.C. Nov. 23, 1861" cds on cover to Col. A. P. Calhoun in Pendleton S.C., with letter enclosure datelined "Fort Moultrie Nov. 22nd 61", bottom edge of cover slightly reduced and small mended nick in edge at right

EXTREMELY FINE. THE FINEST KNOWN SINGLE OF THE CHARLESTON PROVISIONAL ON COVER.

The Crown survey records 63 covers. A review of our Levi records of Charleston provisional covers confirms that this stamp is the finest single known. Provisionals used on covers originating at military forts are very rare.

Ex Brooks, Kimmel

E. 3,000-4,000
4,500
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323°
c
Charleston S.C., 5c Blue (16X1). Huge margins showing all four outer framelines, tied by beautifully struck "Charleston S.C. Oct. 23, 1861" cds on buff cover with grocer's corner card, to Leavenworth S.C., missing flap has been expertly replaced, Extremely Fine stamp and handsome cover, four-frameline Charleston provisionals are of the greatest rarity, ex Kimmel, Scott Retail $1,500.00

E. 2,000-3,000
3,250
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324°
c
Charleston S.C., 5c Blue (16X1). Huge margins showing all four outer framelines, neatly positioned upright and tied by bold "Charleston S.C. Sep. 26, 1861" cds on buff cover with embossed shield-shaped corner card, to Greenville S.C., neat docketing, Extremely Fine Gem, a beautiful cover formerly in the Caspary collection, ex Tara, Scott Retail $1,500.00

E. 2,000-3,000
3,750
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325°
c
Charleston S.C., 5c Blue (16X1). Huge margins all around showing four outer framelines, tied by "Charleston S.C. Sep. 17, 1861" cds on buff cover to Camden S.C. with merchant's embossed corner card, sharp horizontal crease thru stamp, could be helped with restoration to achieve Extremely Fine appearance

1,500
650
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326°
c
Charleston S.C., 5c Blue (16X1). Just in to clear margins, tied by bold "Charleston S.C. Oct. 10, 1861" cds on small lady's cover to High Point N.C., slightly reduced at left and some faint overall soiling, Fine, ex Hessel, Jessup, Telep

1,500
625
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327°
c
Charleston S.C., 5c Blue entire (16XU1). Bold "Charleston S.C. Sep. 6, 1861" cds, to Newberry C.H. S.C., Extremely Fine, extremely rare in such pristine condition, ex Solomon, Scott Retail $1,250.00

E. 1,500-2,000
2,600
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328°
c
Charleston S.C., 5c Blue on Orange entire (16XU3). Perfectly struck "Charleston S.C. Oct. 3, 1861" cds, to Abbeville C.H. S.C., pencil note "Hardeeville" indicating origin outside Charleston, fresh and Extremely Fine, outstanding quality, ex Seybold, Caspary and Lilly, Scott Retail $1,250.00

E. 1,500-2,000
2,600
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329°
c
Charleston S.C., 5c Blue on Orange entire (16XU3). Clear "Charleston S.C. Sep. 2, 1861" cds on entire to Abbeville S.C., missing top flap, minor repair at far left not mentioned on certificate, Very Fine, with 1992 C.S.A. certificate

1,250
950
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330°
c
Sale Number 795, Lot Number 330, Postmasters ProvisionalsCharleston S.C., 10c Blue on Dark Orange entire (16XU6), Charleston S.C., 10c Blue on Dark Orange entire (16XU6)Charleston S.C., 10c Blue on Dark Orange entire (16XU6). Woodcut provisional press-printed at upper right corner of entire, bold "Charleston S.C. Jul. 11, 186-" circular datestamp (1862 with blank fourth digit), addressed to Mr. A. O. Norris at Anderson C.H. S.C., July 14, 1861 receipt docketing "from J. H. Johnson"

EXTREMELY FINE. THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF THE CHARLESTON 10-CENT PRESS-PRINTED PALMETTO TREE ENTIRE, USED IN JULY 1862 DURING A SHORTAGE OF CONFEDERATE GENERAL ISSUES.

This Palmetto Tree design is unique among Confederate postmasters' provisionals, although the symbol was also used on the unissued 10c adhesive stamp prepared for the Charleston postmaster, Alfred Huger. On this entire - the sole surviving example - the woodcut is printed in a dark blue identical in shade and consistency to the 5c woodcut provisional issued in 1861. The circular datestamp is struck at the center of the upper half of the entire, a position consistent with virtually all recorded genuine examples of the earlier 5c entire. Charleston did not have a separate cancelling device and used the datestamp to cancel adhesive stamps; therefore, the position of the datestamp on this entire confirms the presence of the printed provisional at upper right and precludes any possibility that an adhesive was removed.

The first provisionals used in Charleston were the press-printed 5c envelopes issued in August 1861 (eku Aug. 16) and used consistently until the estimated 5,000 prepared were sold out in November 1861 (lku Nov. 12). Approximately 25,000 5c adhesive stamps were produced and placed on sale as early as September 1861 (eku Sep. 4). Both provisionals were used concurrently with the handstamped "Paid" markings, but the surcharge on the price of provisionals made these less popular with the public. When Confederate General Issues were finally received and put on sale at the Charleston post office on December 7, 1861, the large number of 5c provisionals still on hand was withdrawn, although letters franked with the provisionals were still accepted as prepaid.

In June 1862 the supply of 5c General Issues available at the Charleston post office was evidently diminished, and Postmaster Huger authorized the renewed sale of provisional adhesive stamps. More than a dozen examples of the 5c provisional stamp are known used in the months of June, July and August 1862. The handstamped "Paid" marking was also used again briefly in June 1862 after having been previously retired in December 1861.

The rate increase from 5c to 10c for any distance became effective July 1, 1862, during the shortage of General Issues. Charleston covers are recorded in early July 1862 with the 5c Blue Lithograph (Scott 4) or 10c Rose Lithograph stamps, but these are scarce, indicating that only a small supply of the newer General Issues was available. Further evidence of the shortage is an August 5th cover with a combination of the 5c De La Rue stamp and 5c provisional for the 10c rate.

The press-printed entire must be viewed in the context of the above-outlined events and circumstances. It was almost certainly issued in anticipation of the July 1862 rate change and in response to the shortage of General Issues. The 10c press-printed entire's great rarity is probably due to the arrival of 10c Rose Lithograph stamps in July 1862, which are found on covers dated July 3, 4, 5 and continuing on with frequency until replaced by the De La Rue and Richmond 5c printings. The total absence of unused 10c entires from the original printing is consistent with other Charleston provisionals, which were probably destroyed when the post office was moved in August 1863, following the shelling of Charleston by Union forces on Morris Island.

This unique example of the 10c Palmetto Tree entire was discovered by the late Dr. Don Preston Peters of Lynchburg, Virginia, in an original correspondence to A. O. Norris at Anderson Court House, South Carolina. Two pre-war covers from Pendleton and Greenville C.H., South Carolina, together with Dr. Peters' original notes, are included in this lot. The cover was offered in the 1949 auction of the Peters collection, at which time it was not listed in the Scott Catalogue. A letter from Stanley B. Ashbrook, dated November 19, 1949, is also included and affirms Ashbrook's opinion that the unique entire is genuine.

We regard this entire as one of the most important and distinctive of all Confederate postmasters' provisionals, by virtue of its extreme rarity, its Palmetto Tree design, and as one of the few 10c provisionals issued east of the Mississippi after the July 1862 rate change. There are sixteen unique Confederate postmasters' provisional adhesives (A) or press-printed entires (E); the others are from Austin Miss. (E), Beaumont Tex. (A - large 10c type), Bridgeville Ala. (A - pair), Fincastle Va. (E), Franklin N.C. (E), Hallettsville Tex. (A), Hillsboro N.C. (A), Jetersville Va. (A - pair), Kingston Tenn. (E), Knoxville Tenn. (A - 10c), Mt. Lebanon La. (A), New Smyrna Fla. (A), Port Lavaca Tex. (A), Rutherfordton N.C. (A) and Salisbury N.C. (E - damaged).

Ex Dr. Peters. Information on Charleston post office and provisional issues derived mostly from research published by Richard Calhoun and unpublished Levi records. Listed but unpriced in Scott and Dietz

E. 60,000-80,000
70,000
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331°
c
Columbia S.C., 5c Blue entire (18XU1). Unusually clear strike of provisional hs, blue "Columbia S.C. 9 Nov." (1861) cds and "Paid" hs on buff cover to Concord N.C., Extremely Fine, one of the more available provisionals, but rarely encountered so clearly struck

750
675
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332°
c
Columbia S.C., 5c Blue entire (18XU1). Neat strike on light buff cover to Rock Hill S.C., matching "Columbia S.C. 13 Oct." cds, docketing at left incl. forwarding instructions, Very Fine, ex Brown, with 1985 P.F. certificate

750
450
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333°
c
Columbia S.C., 5c Blue entire (18XU1). Bold strike, matching "Columbia S.C. 3 Sep." cds on cover to Bivingsville S.C., Very Fine, ex Stonewall

750
400
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