Sale 779 — Civil War Postal History and Autographs

Sale Date — Wednesday, 10 July, 1996

Category — Slave Documents and Related

Lot
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
124
 
[Slavery]. Remarkable pair of letters from a A.B.M. Thompson, a short-lived slave trader, one from Pittsburgh Pa., dated Nov. 2, 1860, other from St. Louis, Dec. 31st, both to his cousin in Cadiz, O.:"...I will kidnap some negros and take them south and sell them ask him if he would not like to go in with me tell him he can meet me at Wheeling with some of the Cadiz Black rascals, tell him I say it would be doing them a gods service to sell them," etc. On the back is an amusing P.S. regarding Presidential candidate John Bell. The other letter reads (in part): "You can say to John Thompson that I lost money on them infernal Black rascals I took them down south and was asked where they were from from I told them they were from Ohio and the moment I would say from Ohio they said they would not give me a good dinner for the whole lot the southerns say Ohio negroes are not good for anything but stealing and advised me to take them back to Ohio but I concluded after trying repeatedly to sell them south to take them to Chicago and sell them to the abolitionists after taking them there they wanted to know where they were from I told them from near Wheeling Va. they said they cold not do anything with wheeling Va. negroes but they wre from Harrison county Ohio they would give me a trade for them as they (the Abolitionists) wanted a few Harrison County negroes to help steal from Missour Kentuck and Virginia Knowing that this (Chicago) was my last chance I was complelled to sell them to the narrow hearted Abolitionists who was so mean as to offer me one hundred dollars in Abolitionists speeches, which I was compelled to take losing their passage and other expenses I now propose sending the speeches to John Thompson for sale as that is my only chance to get my money back." Each with original envelope franked with 3c Dull Red (26) - first is all-over illustrated ad cover for hotel, letters in a bold attractive script, Very Fine, outstanding content

E. 300-400
2,100
125
c
[Slavery]. 4pp letter dated Jan. 24, 1858, providing an account of slave masters on trial for a whipping a slave: "Tomorrow Ezra has a trial to attend. He's principal witness against a man for inhumanely whipping a slave. Some ladies came to his school room and begged him to interfere for they were whipping the poor woman to death. He climbed upon the fence of his yard and saw the whipping and went with the ladies with a complaint. The grand jury being in session got him indicted. After seeing the whipping with two officers who demanded to see the woman. I will not describe her appearance but the officer to her mistress that no person had right to use a dumb beast in that way. Her owner is a rich man, lives in a splendid house, has put off the trial three times. It will cost him some money if not his liberty for a while." etc., with original envelope - 3c Dull Red (26) tied by "Saint Louis Mos. Jan. 27, 1858" cds, latter with small faults, Fine

E. 150-200
425
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126
 
[Texas]. 60 page hand-written court document dated 1848 regarding various suits and claims since 1840 against the estate of William Hall, including the sale and payment of nine slaves, listing them by name, age, relationship and value; with original wax seal and ribbon, Fine and interesting

E. 300-400
220
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127
 
The Murder of a Free Negro. Five pieces, includes 1860 Frederick County, Maryland court document describing at great length the stabbing of "Robert Bush, free negro" by Jacob Funk, who "did strike, stab, cut, thrust and divide, giving to the said Robert Bush then and then with the knife aforesaid, in and upon the right side of the said belly - of him the said Robert Bush, one mortal wound," etc., accompanied by Grand Jury decision, call for new trial and pardon in 1863 by the Maryland Secretary of State, Very Fine and choice

E. 250-350
270
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128
 
[Slavery]. Bill of sale dated 1814, from Cumberland Co., N.C., for two slaves, Benjamin aged 8 and Joshua aged 11, Fine

E. 200-250
160
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129
 
[Slavery]. 1820 bill of sale for one dollar, for "a negro girl named Hannah about twelve years old; to have & hold the sd. girl to said Mary Elias to her and her heirs forever," etc., Fine

E. 150-200
230
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130
 
[Slavery]. Rare printed anti-slavery letter, 2pp., headed, TO THE LIBERTY PARTY OF THE COUNTY OF MADISON, datelined Pittsburg, Aug. 13, 1852, from Gerrit Smith, reporting on his impressions of abolititonists Charles Durkee, Gen. Paine of Wis., Leiws Tappan, charles Francis Adams and others. Smith insisted that the convention should organize a political party "which should look after the political interests of all the people, white and black, male and female." etc., Very Fine

E. 250-350
200
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131
 
[Slavery]. Pamphlet, The Gospel of Slavery: A Primer of Freedom by Iron Gray (T.W. Strong, 1864), 26pp, illustrated, covers stained, fragile but a rare item

E. 100-150
60
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132
 
[Afro-American]. Head & shoulders portrait of pretty young woman in white gown, pastel on 15-3/4 x 20 in. cardboard, made from a 19th century photograph, on back is a 1914 dealer's handstamp, board cracked along right edge - matted, this would be mostly concealed - appealing piece

E. 60-80
40
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133
 
Slave Documents and Related. Nine items, includes receipt of pyament for building "six negro quarters"; two receipts of $10 & $35 for "hunting runaway negro's"; two bills from doctor for visiting sick slave; 1849 pettition against an estate, claiming ownership of slaves working on plantation; 1857 tax receipt for 24 slaves; rough draft of will bequeathing slaves, etc., Very Good-Very Fine lot

E. 250-350
425
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