Sale 769 — The Honolulu Advertiser Collection
Sale Date — Tuesday, 7 November, 1995
Category — 1859-65 Numeral Issue (Scott 16)
THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF THE 1862 2-CENT NUMERAL PRINTED ON BOTH SIDES
Ex Tows, Adm. Harris, Wilcox. Listed but unpriced in Scott
EXTREMELY FINE COVER AND A REMARKABLY DETAILED STRIKE OF THE LAHAINA CUSTOMS HOUSE SEAL CANCELLATION
This example is one of the finest strikes of the Lahaina Customs House seal on a Numeral cover. It is impressed in a crisp dark blue ink with every detail of the full-rigged ship showing at center. This marking was used by Cornelius S. Bartow, the Lahaina postmaster, before he received canceling devices ordered through the Honolulu post office. In a letter to the postmaster-general, he refers to this provisional cancellation: "Did you order a stamp for the department of this place? It seems to me to be very necessary, as I am now compelled to use the Custom House seal."
Ex William H. Crocker, Caspary, Ishikawa, with 1981 P.F. certificate
A VERY FINE COVER AND THE RECORDING EXAMPLE OF THE MELCHERS & CO. HANDSTAMP. UNIQUE, NOT ONLY AS AN EXAMPLE OF THIS MARKING, BUT ALSO AS A NUMERAL ISSUE COVER WITH A FORWARDER'S HANDSTAMP
Melchers & Co., a Bremen commission merchant, established a branch in Honolulu in the 1850's, and, in 1857, a young man named F. A. Schaefer came from Germany to join the firm as a clerk. Schaefer later bought out Melchers and, as later covers demonstrate, began forwarding mail under the name of F. A. Schaefer & Co.
Because mail-forwarders were entrusted primarily with letters sent between the islands and other countries, the use of inter-island stamps in conjunction with forwarder markings was extremely limited. In evidence of such usage we know of just two Numeral covers, of which only this example received a handstamped forwarder's marking before being placed into the mails for inter-island transport to Kauai. The Caaspary collection contained a 2c Blue Numeral cover with a manuscript notation on back indicating that Waterhouse & Co. forwarded the letter.
The Melchers & Co. handstamp was recorded from this cover after the Meyer-Harris listing was compiled. Only this one example is known.
With 1979 Friedl certificate
AN EXTREMELY FINE AND RARE NUMERAL ISSUE COVER, SENT FROM LAHAINA TO MAUI BY ONE OF THE FOUNDERS OF CASTLE & COOKE
Samuel N. Castle and Amos Cooke arrived with the Eighth Company of missionaries, but were released in 1851 to become merchants. They succeeded in building one of the leading business enterprises in Hawaii.
Pencil notes on back indicate ownership by L. L. Green, W. S. Clark and Van Dyke.
AN EXTREMELY FINE COVER BEARING AN EXTRAORDINARY STAMP, WHOSE MASSIVE MARGINS, CAPTURING THE ADJOINING STAMP BELOW, ASSISTED WESTERBERG IN THE RECONSTRUCTION OF PLATE 3-C
Plate 3-C was used in the first printing of Numerals by the Government Printing Office. This outstanding example is illustrated in Westerberg (p. 37)
AN EXTREMELY FINE EXAMPLE OF THE HILO COLLECTOR'S OFFICE HANDSTAMP USED ON THE NUMERAL ISSUE
The distinctive Collector's Office marking, used as a cancellation in Hilo during the Numeral Issue period, was struck in a brownish-black ink that is rarely found with a clear impression. This dark and virtually complete strike is one of the finest known.
Ex Ishikawa. With 1981 P.F. certificate
THE QUINTESSENTIAL NUMERAL ISSUE COVER, COMBINING A RARE AND DESIRABLE PRINTING VARIETY WITH THE LAHAINA CUSTOMS HOUSE SEAL STRUCK IN PERFECT CLARITY
The postmaster at Lahaina, Cornelius S. Bartow, ordered canceling devices through the Honolulu post office and followed this request with a letter (recorded by Randall E. Burt), in which he states, "Did you order a stamp for the department of this place? It seems to me very necessary, as I am now compelled to use the Custon House seal." The marking was usually struck in an oily greenish-blue ink, which left very poor impressions. A few strikes are known in this deep blue ink, this being the clearest of all (see also lot #).
The Rev. Sereno Edwards Bishop was the son of the Rev. Artema and Elizabeth Bishop, missionaries of the Second Company. Rev. Bishop was the Seaman's Chaplain at Lahaina from 1853 to 1862, the period in which this cover was mailed, evidently while he was visiting Honolulu.
We first record this cover selling in the November 1942 Percy Doane auction of Part V of the Col. Edward H. R. Green collection. We do not know from whom Col. Green acquired the cover (it was not part of the Worthington Hawaii sold at auction). The cover was acquired by Admiral Frederic R. Harris in the Green sale. Adm. Harris died in 1949, and his Hawaii was sold through Harmer, Rooke in 1954. In the first part (sold in April), Alfred H. Caspary purchased the Lahaina cover, which was one of his last acquisitions before he died one year later. In the Caspary sale the late Herbert J. Bloch described this item as "One of the outstanding covers known of this issue and possibly unique with the variety." It was sold either at the Caspary sale or sometime after to Louise Boyd Dale, who placed it in her own collection of Hawaii - separate and distinct from the Alfred F. Lichtenstein collection sold by H. R. Harmer in 1966. When the Dale-Lichtenstein Foundation dispersed its philatelic holdings through Harmers in 1989, the Lahaina cover appeared as the undisputed highlight of the Hawaii.
Illustrated in Meyer-Harris (p. 65). Ex Col. Green, Adm. Harris, Caspary, Dale.
VERY FINE AND THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF THE "ISLANI" VARIETY ON COVER
This distinctive, but as yet Scott-unlisted, variety is also found on Plate 3-F Type III (see lot #). It was caused by the semi-circle of "D" failing to print.