Alexandria, D.C., 5c Black on Buff, Type I (1X1).
Cut to shape as always, parts of surrounding ornaments showing all around, uncanceled and neatly affixed by star in octagon wax wafer on Aug. 25, 1846, Quaker-dated folded letter to Winchester Va., vivid red "Alexandria D.C. Aug. 25" cds and matching "Paid" and "5" in rectangular frame Alexandria, a major port city, was ceded to the District of Columbia in 1791. On July 6, 1846, the United States Congress voted to cede Alexandria back to Virginia. In September 1846 the issue was put up for a vote by the white male citizens of Alexandria County (insane persons and paupers excluded), and they voted 763 to 222 in favor of recession. However, it was not until March 1847 that the Virginia General Assembly enacted the recession. A noteworthy aspect of this Alexandria cover is the letter, which refers to the September vote on the question of Alexandria's status. It reads, "What do the folks in Frederick County say about retrocession? There is a good deal of talk about it here. The commissioners have appointed the first and second days of next month to take the vote ... a stranger to whom she had been introduced told her he hoped she would persuade the Alexandrians to go back to Virginia. I think the country people will mostly vote against it and the town people mostly for it." The Alexandria post office was most definitely part of the District of Columbia when the provisional stamps were used before March 1847. In the case of this August 1846 cover, we have used the proper designation, despite the Scott Catalogue listing. According to Philip T. Wall (Chronicle, Feb. 1983), there are six recorded examples of the Alexandria 5c on buff paper. Of each type there are two covers and one off-cover stamp. This cover was discovered in 1926 by Edward S. Leadbeater of Alexandria while he was visiting relatives in Parkins' Mills. The letters were addressed to his father of the same name. The cover was sold to Perry Fuller, a Baltimore dealer, for approximately $7,000. It was then sold to Henry G. Lapham and became part of the great Lapham collection of postmasters' provisionals. The cover was later acquired by Consul Klep Van Velthoven of Belgium and realized $5,250 when the Klep collection was sold at auction in 1956. The Leadbeater cover next appeared at auction when these Galleries sold the "Texas" collection of U.S. postmasters' provisionals in 1964, in which sale it realized $9,000. It was sold again through these Galleries in 1986 at the auction sale of the "Isleham" collection, where it realized $77,000 against a catalogue value of $30,000. A Fresh and Attractive Example of This Provisional Rarity on a Very Fine Complete Letter. One of Six Recorded Examples, and One of Two Type I Stamps Known on Cover. An Outstanding Example of One of The Greatest United States Rarities. With 1954 and 1986 P.F. Certificates
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