Sale 1022 — The D.K. Collection of Southern Postmasters' Provisionals
Sale Date — Wednesday, 28 March, 2012
Category — Charleston, South Carolina
EXTREMELY FINE. ONE OF TWO RECORDED COVERS WITH A SOUTHERN POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL ADHESIVE STAMP USED IN COMBINATION WITH ANOTHER POSTMASTER'S PROVISIONAL OF ANY KIND.
After graduation from Princeton University, Alfred Huger returned to Charleston to run his plantation. Huger received his postmaster appointment from President Andrew Jackson on December 19, 1834, and he served until Federal occupation in February 1865. Huger was postmaster in July 1835 when sacks of mail containing abolitionist literature from the North were burned by a pro-slavery mob. After the war Huger declined President Andrew Johnson's offer of reappointment as a U.S. postmaster.
Huger issued press-printed typographic provisional envelopes in the summer of 1861, probably close to the earliest known date of August 16 (Calhoun census). The lithographed adhesive provisional stamp followed in early September 1861. Lithography was used by only three postmasters to print provisional stamps (Charleston, Livingston and Mobile). The first supply of Confederate General Issue stamps was placed on sale on December 7, 1861, and the provisionals were withdrawn from sale. However, provisionals purchased by the public prior to withdrawal continued to be used concurrently with the General Issues. In June and July 1862 the Charleston post office ran short of General Issue stamps, and provisionals were re-released. The latest recorded use of a Charleston provisional is dated August 5, 1862, with a mixed franking of the 5c De La Rue Print (Scott 6) and 5c adhesive (Richard L. Calhoun, "Inventory of Charleston, South Carolina, Postmaster Provisionals," Confederate Philatelist, Jan.-Feb. 1989).
It is reported that the stamps and envelopes were printed by the large Charleston-based printing firm of Evans and Cogswell. According to http://www.csa-scla.org : "...Evans & Cogswell Printing Company was retained as printers to the Secession Convention, and daily printed the minutes of the Convention in S.C., and printed the documents that communicated the secession to the other Southern States. The Ordinance of Secession, one of the most fateful and fatal documents in America's history, was lithographed by Evans & Cogswell. During the War Between the States, Evans and Cogswell printed small denomination currency, Government bonds, the Soldier's Prayer Book, books on war tactics, stamps, and medical books for the Confederacy."
The addressee, Wilmot Gibbes DeSaussure, served as the Secretary of the South Carolina Treasury and as a Representative to the State Assembly. He was appointed to Brigadier General of State Militia in 1861 and led the 4th Brigade throughout the Civil War. In 1862 he was elected State Adjutant General and Inspector General of Militia.
The other cover with an adhesive provisional used in combination with another postmaster's provisional bears a Fredericksburg adhesive used to forward a cover with the Montgomery Ala. handstamped provisional. The cover offered here was featured on the cover of the Confederate Philatelist (Jan.-Feb. 1987).
Ex Dr. Simon