AN EXTREMELY FINE BEAUMONT 10-CENT PROVISIONAL ON YELLOW PAPER -- ONE OF FIVE KNOWN EXAMPLES OF THIS RARITY -- USED ON A TURNED ADVERSITY COVER. THIS IS THE EARLIEST RECORDED EXAMPLE OF ANY BEAUMONT PROVISIONAL.
The Beaumont provisionals were issued on Pink (two shades) and Yellow paper. Only 21 of any kind are recorded, including the unique Large 10c on Yellow (on cover), 5 of the Small 10c on Yellow (each on cover), and 15 of the Small 10c on Pink (12 covers, 3 off cover). Most of the recorded covers are faulty, and only four have postmarks of any kind tying the stamps.
The five Small 10c Yellow covers we record are as follows: 1) ms. "X" cancel, not tied, ms. Apr. 9, 1864 date, to Mary J. Watson, San Augustine Tex., turned and addressed to Sabine Pass, the cover offered here, ex Hind; 2) tied by rimless town with ms. Jun. 11 (1864) date on turned cover to Mary J. Watson, San Augustine Tex., ex Caspary, Weatherly, Kilbourne (our Sale 815, realized $52,500 hammer); 3) uncancelled, used on turned cover to Mrs. Wm. B. Duncan, Liberty Tex., ex Caspary, Lilly; 4) ms. "X" cancel, not tied, used on cover to Cypress City Tex., Siegel Sale 226; and 5) ms. "10" cancel, not tied, rimless town with ms. Nov. 12 (1864) date on cover to James C. McKnight, Palestine Tex., 1864 docketing, ex Ferrary.
Although the Dietz catalogue identifies the June 11 cover (No. 2 above, ex Kilbourne) as the earliest known use in 1861, it is actually the second earliest use in 1864. The earliest cover is the one offered here, dated April 9, 1864.
The addressee at Sabine Pass is Mrs. Maggie L. Watson, wife of C. S. Watson, who was part of the Texas Marine Department. The June 11 cover (No. 2 above, ex Kilbourne) is addressed to C. S. Watson with the C.S. Steamer Sachem, one of two Federal gunboats captured by the Confederates at the famous Battle of Sabine Pass in September 1863. Sachem became part of the Texas Marine Department and served the Confederate army at Sabine Pass. In the spring of 1864, she was turned into a blockade runner under the command of John Davidson.
Ex Duveen and Hind.