EXTREMELY FINE. ONLY SEVEN GOLIAD 5-CENT TYPE I PROVISIONAL STAMPS ARE KNOWN, INCLUDING ONE ON COVER IN THE BRITISH LIBRARY COLLECTION. THIS COVER-FRONT IS THE ONLY TYPE I USAGE AVAILABLE TO COLLECTORS AND THE FINEST OF THE SIX KNOWN STAMPS IN PRIVATE HANDS. ONE OF THE GREATEST OF ALL CONFEDERATE PROVISIONAL RARITIES AND A HIGHLIGHT OF THE KILBOURNE COLLECTION.
Our records of Goliad provisionals contain seven 5c Type I stamps and four 10c Type I stamps. The Type I setting, without the postmaster's name, was used prior to the Type II setting, to which Postmaster J. A. Clarke's was added. All but one of the eleven recorded 5c and 10c Type I provisionals bear the postmaster's manuscript signature in either black or red ink. The stamps were printed on a variety of papers, classified as White, Gray and Rose, and some stamps have a blue ink wash that appears to have been applied to the sheets. The Gray paper is very thin and pelure-like. The Rose paper is thicker than the Gray.
The variable paper and signature color create even greater rarities -- only two or three of any 5c variety is recorded, with some allowance for inaccurate classification in previous sale catalogues. More significant than the paper or signature differences is the current census showing only three Type I provisional usages: the 5c cover-front offered here, a 5c cover in the British Library's Tapling collection, and the 10c patriotic cover from the Caspary and Lilly collections. This cover-front is the only one of the three with a Goliad postmark -- the other two are uncancelled and have no town marking -- and it is the only 5c Type I usage available to collectors. Equally significant is the stamp's standing as the finest known example of this provisional rarity.
Illustrated in the color plate of the H. R. Harmer Caspary Sale 3 catalogue and in Ter Braake's Texas: The Drama of Its Postal Past (p. 142). Ex Ferrary, Caspary (realized $1,300 in 1956) and Lilly (where acquired by the Kilbournes in 1967, realized $3,600). Scott Retail of $8,000.00 for a cover is based on no sale event since 1967 -- the more common Goliad 10c Type II cover realized $67,500 hammer in our Sale 810