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FILTER: Sale=795, Lot#=457, For all Sale Dates
Area/Sub/
General/Issue
Sale#/
Date
Lot#/
Grade
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
United States
Confederate States and Civil War-Related
-
Confederate States and Civil-War Related
1997-10-28
Confederate States
c
Sale Number 795, Lot Number 457, Postmasters ProvisionalsOakway S.C., 5c Black (115X1), Oakway S.C., 5c Black (115X1)Oakway S.C., 5c Black (115X1). Circular cut adhesive stamp tied by manuscript "Paid" with matching "Oakway S.C.} Sept. 18, 1861" postmark on buff cover to James E. Hagood at Pickens Court House S.C., receipt docketing on back indicating J. B. Sanders (Oakway postmaster) as the sender

FRESH AND VERY FINE. ONE OF TWO RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE OAKWAY PROVISIONAL STAMP - BOTH ON COVERS TO THE SAME ADDRESSEE - THIS BEING THE EARLIER DATE AND THE ONLY ONE TIED BY THE CANCELLATION.

Jobbery Sanders was appointed postmaster of Oakway, South Carolina, in 1858 and continued in 1861 when the Confederate government assumed control over the postal system. Oakway's population in 1861 was only 200, and the volume of mail was too small to justify a wood or metal cancelling device, so Postmaster Sanders simply postmarked mail by hand. His provisional stamps were probably short-lived and used on a very limited basis prior to the arrival of General Issue postage in November 1861.

The Oakway provisional stamp was discovered as early as 1907, but only since 1975 has it received Scott Catalogue recognition. Research by the late Daniel T. Gilbert, who owned the other Oakway cover (dated Oct. 9, 1861, and ex Worthington), provided the historical evidence validating the provisional stamp. Soon after The Philatelic Foundation certified the Worthington-Gilbert cover as genuine, the September 18th ex-Ferrary cover was brought back to light by Raymond and Roger Weill, the renowned New Orleans dealers. The September 18th cover offered here has the "W.H.C." mark of Warren H. Colson, the preeminent dealer of the first half of the 20th century. The cover was in Colson's stock at the time of his death and was acquired by the Weills; however, its existence was not widely known until 1976.

Mr. Gilbert established the validity of the Oakway provisional by travelling to South Carolina in 1974 and meeting J. B. Sanders, the postmaster's grandson, who was 95 at the time. Sanders immediately recognized his grandfather's writing and remembered him saying that he made up his own stamps before supplies of regular stamps arrived. Details of Gilbert's findings were published in the Confederate Philatelist, Sept.-Oct. 1975, and news of the second cover appeared in the Nov.-Dec. 1976 issue of the same publication.

Ex Ferrary, Colson and Freeland. This great rarity is listed but unpriced in Scott.

E. 40,000-50,000
60,000
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