EXTREMELY FINE STAMP AND AN IMMACULATE COVER. ONLY EIGHT EXAMPLES OF THE UNIONTOWN POSTMASTER’S 10-CENT PROVISIONAL ARE RECORDED, OF WHICH FIVE ARE SOUND STAMPS ON COVER.
Eight examples of the Uniontown 10c Red are recorded by us. These are (in order of plate position):
1) Pos. 1 with stationer’s embossed crest, on cover to Maria L. Kidd, Port Royal Va., ex Kimmel, Haas, Birkinbine, D.K. collection (lot 1121)
2) Pos. 1 on cover to John D. Pitts, near Richmond Va., ex Ferrary, Caspary, “Isleham” (Peyton), Hill, the cover offered here
3) Pos. 2 on cover to Col. A. P. Calhoun, Pendleton S.C., ex Dr. Simon, D.K. collection (lot 1120)
4) Pos. 2 on cover to Maria Louisa Kidd, Port Royal Va., ex Brooks, Meroni, Kilbourne and Gross
5) Pos. 2 repaired stamp on repaired cover to Mrs. John B. Carey, ex Weill Stock
6) Pos. 3, corner crease, small tear, on lady’s embossed cover to Mr. Richmond Christian, Richmond Va., ex Hind
7) Pos. 4 on cover to Col. A. P. Calhoun, Pendleton S.C., ex Sweet, Muzzy, Boker
8) Pos. 4 uncancelled on large piece dated Sep. 27 (1861) with part of addressee’s name “S. Price”, Virginia destination, ex Caspary
Very few post offices east of the Mississippi River issued and used 10c adhesive (A) or press-printed (E) provisionals. This small group is as follows: Baton Rouge La. (A--three known); Charleston S.C. (E--unique); Danville Va. (E--probably not used); Fincastle Va. (E--unique); Fredericksburg Va. (A--never used); Greenville Ala. (A--two known); Greenwood Depot Va. (A--six known); Knoxville Tenn. (A--unique; and E--rare used); Marion Va. (A--seven known on cover); Nashville Tenn. (A--six known on cover); Tellico Plains Tenn. (A--never used); and Uniontown Ala. (A--eight known, seven on covers). All other 10c provisionals were used in Texas or were issued as handstamped entires.
The addressee, John Davidson Pitts, was a member of the Canebrake Rifle Guards, Co. D., 4th Alabama Infantry. He was killed in action on June 27, 1862, the day of his 19th birthday, while storming the Federal breastworks at Gaines’ Mill in the third of the Seven Days’ Battles. This cover was probably in Private Pitts’ possession when he died. His body was hastily buried under an apple tree in the Watt’s orchard. It was later recovered by his father and removed to Uniontown. John’s father, Phillip Henry Pitts, kept an extensive diary that sadly recorded the retrieval of his boy’s body (source: www.cowanauctions.com ).
Ex Ferrary, Caspary, “Isleham” (Peyton) and Hill. Caspary’s note on back reads “Cost $3,500 1929”. “W.H.C.” Colson and Ferrary trefoil handstamps at lower right (Ferrary sale notation in pencil at left). With 2004 P.F. certificate.