EXTREMELY FINE STAMP AND AN IMMACULATE COVER. ONLY EIGHT EXAMPLES OF THE UNIONTOWN POSTMASTER'S 10-CENT PROVISIONAL ARE RECORDED, OF WHICH FIVE ARE SOUND STAMPS ON COVER. ONLY TWO SOUND EXAMPLES OF THE 10-CENT FROM THE DISTINCTIVE POSITION 2 SETTING ARE KNOWN.
Uniontown's postmaster at the start of the C.S.A. postal system was Parham N. Booker. Parham, one of eleven children, was the namesake son of a U.S. internal revenue officer. The senior Booker represented Madison County in the legislature in 1836 and moved to Uniontown sometime later. He became a planter and hotel keeper, and he also served as postmaster and mayor of the town. Booker Senior died in 1861, and we are not certain if both father and son ran the post office. Because of a permanent physical disability, Booker Junior did not serve in the Confederate Army, but served the government in a civil department.
Postmaster Booker issued three denominations of adhesive provisionals: 2c, 5c and 10c. They were probably typeset and printed at the offices of the local newspaper, the Weekly Herald. The same typeset form of four subjects was used to print all three values (although the spacing between subjects changed between two 5c printings). The numeral in parentheses between the "PA" and "ID" of "PAID" was changed for each value, and different color ink was used: Dark Blue (2c), Green (5c) and Red (10c). All three values were printed on Gray Blue paper, and the 2c and 5c are also known on White paper, which was probably used for subsequent printings. The 10c has not been found on White paper.
Eight examples of the Uniontown 10c Red are recorded by us. These are (in order of plate position): 1) Pos. 1 with stationer's embossed crest, on cover to Maria L. Kidd, Port Royal Va., ex Kimmel, Haas, Birkinbine, offered in this sale as lot 1121; 2) Pos. 1 on cover to John D. Pitts, Richmond Va., ex Ferrary, Caspary and "Isleham" (Peyton); 3) Pos. 2 on cover to Col. A. P. Calhoun, Pendleton S.C., ex Dr. Simon, the cover offered here; 4) Pos. 2 on cover to Maria Louisa Kidd, Port Royal Va., ex Brooks, Meroni, Kilbourne and Gross; 5) Pos. 2 repaired stamp on repaired cover to Mrs. John B. Carey, ex Weill Stock; 6) Pos. 3, corner crease, small tear, on lady's embossed cover to Mr. Richmond Christian, Richmond Va., ex Hind; 7) Pos. 4 on cover to Col. A. P. Calhoun, Pendleton S.C., ex Sweet, Muzzy, Boker; and 8) Pos. 4 uncancelled on large piece dated Sep. 27 (1861) with part of addressee's name "S. Price", Virginia destination, ex Caspary.
Very few post offices east of the Mississippi River issued and used 10c adhesive (A) or press-printed (E) provisionals. This small group is as follows: Baton Rouge La. (A -- three known); Charleston S.C. (E -- unique, see lot 330); Danville Va. (E -- probably not used); Fincastle Va. (E -- unique); Fredericksburg Va. (A -- never used); Greenville Ala. (A -- two known); Greenwood Depot Va. (A -- six known); Knoxville Tenn. (A -- unique; and E -- rare used); Marion Va. (A -- seven known on cover); Nashville Tenn. (A -- six known on cover); Tellico Plains Tenn. (A -- never used); and Uniontown Ala. (A -- eight known, seven on covers). All other 10c provisionals were used in Texas or were issued as handstamped entires.
The addressee on this cover, Col. Andrew P. Calhoun, was the eldest son of the famous Southern statesman and States' Rights advocate, John C. Calhoun. The correspondence containing three covers with Uniontown provisionals was found in Pendleton S.C. sometime shortly before they were reported in March 1934 by R. T. Freeman, a dealer in Atlanta Ga. who purchased the group. One cover has an enormous sheet-margin pair of the 5c on White (ex Caspary), and the two other covers have 10c stamps (Nos. 3 and 7 in the list above). This cover was illustrated in the March 24, 1934, Stamps article reporting the discovery, and the article stated that the cover has "already been sold." If so, Daniel F. Kelleher was the buyer, and he in turn sold it in November 1934.
Illustrated in 1986 Dietz catalogue (page 16). Source notation on back "IJXXX Kelleher Nov. 1934 $4000". Ex Dr. Simon