EXTREMELY FINE. ONLY EIGHT GOLIAD 5-CENT TYPE I PROVISIONAL STAMPS ARE KNOWN, INCLUDING ONE ON COVER IN THE BRITISH LIBRARY COLLECTION. THIS COVER-FRONT IS THE ONLY TYPE I "COVER" AVAILABLE TO COLLECTORS AND THE FINEST OF THE SEVEN KNOWN STAMPS IN PRIVATE HANDS. ONE OF THE GREATEST OF ALL CONFEDERATE PROVISIONAL RARITIES.
The Confederate postmaster of Goliad was John (Jno.) A. Clarke, whose name was signed by hand on stamps of the first provisional issue and set in type as part of the setting for the second issue. Clarke also served as Secretary to the Board of Trustees of the Paine Female Institute, which later became Goliad College. Clarke signed an oath of allegiance after the war on January 9, 1866 (an image of the document is available at www.fold3.com ).
August Dietz reported that the Goliad provisional stamps and the similar stamps of Helena, Texas, were printed at the offices of the Goliad Messenger. The editor of this newspaper was Reverend Alexander F. Cox (his middle initial was incorrectly stated as "M." by Dietz). The publisher was R. W. Peirce. The November 12, 1864, edition of the Goliad Messenger is available on-line at http://texashistory.unt.edu . Reverend Cox died on April 5, 1897, and his obituary appeared in the Weekly Picayune (April 9, 1897).
The Goliad provisionals were printed from typeset forms in denominations of 5c and 10c. The Type I setting, without Clarke's name, was used to print stamps issued prior to the Type II setting, probably in 1861 and 1862. The Type II setting was probably made in 1863.
Clement R. Johns was the Texas comptroller from 1859 to 1864. The June 21, 1862, date notation provides crucial evidence that the Goliad Type I setting (without postmaster's name) preceded the Type II setting. This cover-front is the only one of the three Type I uses with a Goliad postmark -- the other two are uncancelled and have no town marking -- and it is the only 5c Type I "cover" available to collectors. Equally significant is the stamp's standing as the finest known example of this provisional rarity.
Illustrated in the color plate of the H. R. Harmer Caspary Sale 3 catalogue and in Ter Braake's Texas: The Drama of Its Postal Past (p. 142).
Ex Ferrary (with his small purple trefoil handstamp at bottom right), Caspary, Lilly, Kilbourne and Gross. With 2010 P.F. certificate.
History of the Goliad provisionals: http://siegelauctions.com/enc/pdf/GoliadTX.pdf
Census of Goliad provisionals: http://www.siegelauctions.com/dynamic/census/29X1-29X9/29X1-29X9.pdf