10¢ Green, Type I (13), Position 91R1, bottom left corner position with interpane margin at left and sheet margin at bottom, rich color, detailed impression, tied by lightly struck "Milford Conn. Nov. 20" circular datestamp on buff cover to San Francisco
Extremely Fine Gem--an extraordinary full corner-margin stamp from the bottom left of the right pane of Plate 1, neatly tied on a transcontinental cover.
The 10¢ Type I stamps only come from the 20 bottom-row positions of Plate 1. One would expect to find more copies with the bottom sheet margin intact, but this is rarely the case. When the sheet margin is present, it usually has a corner crease or handling flaw. The example offered here, with large corner margins and in completely sound condition, is a spectacular exception to the rule.
Ex Marc Haas, Louis Grunin and Robert Zoellner. Signed by Stanley B. Ashbrook.
10¢ Green, Types III/II/III/I (15/14/15/13), Positions 69/79/89/99R1, very rare vertical combination strip of four including bottom-row Type I, three huge margins, in at top, tied by neat strikes of "New Orleans La. Sep. 15, 1857" circular datestamps on blue folded cover to Vera Cruz, Mexico, bold "5" reales due handstamp, some ink erosion in the address, three of the stamps are Extremely Fine, vertical strips containing the scarcer types, such as Type I, are rare, ex Koppersmith and Hackmey, with 1983 Alcuri and 1988 P.F. certificates
10¢ Green, Type I (13), horizontal pair, large margins to just in, used with 1¢ Blue, Type IIIa (22), tiny tear at top center, tied by blue "Memphis Ten. Sep. 7, 1857" circular datestamp on blue cover to Genoa, Italy, red "New York Paid 18 Sep. 16" 18¢ credit datestamp--carried on the Cunarder Asia, departing New York September 16, 1857, arriving Liverpool September 27--red "P.D." framed handstamp, light strike of red French transit datestamp, Paris (September 29) and Genoa (October 1) backstamps, cover refolded and reshaped, diagonal crease, Fine and scarce mixed-issue franking, ex Kapiloff and Hackmey, with 2003 P.F. certificate
10¢ Green, Types III/I (15/13), Positions 88-90R/98-100R1, top stamps Type III, bottom stamps Type I, large margins to clear all around including bottom right corner sheet margins, tied by bold strikes of "San Francisco Cal. 21 Apr." circular datestamp on blue linen-lined envelope to Bersenbruck, Hanover, Germany, sender's directive "Per Prussian Closed Mail", manuscript magenta "60" at top was applied in San Francisco to indicate double 30¢ Prussian Closed Mail rate, partly readable red New York 14¢ credit datestamp struck on block, red "AACHEN 3/6 FRANCO" (June 3) framed datestamp--based on the dated markings, this was carried from San Francisco to Panama on the Pacific Mail Steamship Co. Sonora, departing April 21, 1856, and arriving May 5; the mail crossed the isthmus and was carried from Panama to New York on the U.S. Mail Steamship Co. George Law, departing May 7 and arriving May 16, too late for the May 14 Cunard sailing from New York, so it was sent to Boston for the May 21 departure of the Cunarder America, which arrived at Liverpool on June 1; from Great Britain it was sent to Aachen and entered the Prussian mail system--there are no backstamps
Very Fine; top stamps in block (Type III) slightly affected by envelope creasing caused by thick contents (which no longer accompany), and top right stamp small toned spot--utterly trivial flaws which actually serve to confirm the pristine nature of this recent discovery.
This is an extremely rare and breathtaking sheet-margin block of six of the 10¢ 1855 Issue from the bottom right corner of the right pane of Plate 1, containing three Type I positions--and its use on a cover from California to Germany is extraordinary. This cover was discovered in Europe in recent years and acquired by Mr. Gross in a 2011 auction in Europe.
Large Segmented Grid, Marysville, California, bold strike ties 10¢ Green, Type I (13), large margins all around, matching "Marysville Cal. Paid by Stamps Dec. 19" circular datestamp on cover to Sharon, Ohio, missing top flap, Extremely Fine, the Marysville large "killer" was originally created to cancel pairs of 3¢ stamps used for the 6¢ rate, this is a superb example on a choice 10¢ 1855 Type I stamp, ex Jennings
VERY FINE UNUSED EXAMPLE OF THE 1855 10-CENT IMPERFORATE TYPE I.
Type I stamps come from the bottom 20 positions of the plate. They are the only stamps to show the design complete at bottom. For some reason the sheet margin at bottom was often trimmed away, leaving a dearth of quality copies. The Type IV stamps come from only eight positions, but we would rank the two types equally in terms of the rarity of sound four-margined unused copies.
With 1995 and 2008 P.F. certificates. Scott Retail as no gum
The largest recorded multiple of the 10¢ Type I Imperforate
10¢ Green, Type I (13), Positions 96-100R1, unused horizontal strip of five (no gum) from the bottom right corner of the sheet with full to large margins at top and bottom, which show the full shells at bottom (the distinguishing characteristic of Type I), Position 100R with double transfer variety, slightly in at ends, rich color and sharp impression
Discovered as part of a group of six strips of five 10¢ 1855 stamps adhering to an 1857 letter, found by Alexander Drysdale Gage and first reported in Stamps 8/30/1941
Probably sold to Philip G. Rust soon after discovery
Siegel Auction Galleries, 1987 Rarities, 5/2/1987, Sale 679, lot 108
Siegel Auction Galleries, 1989 Rarities, 4/15/1989, Sale 708, lot 85
Siegel Auction Galleries, 1992 Rarities, 10/3/1992, Sale 745, lot 364
Traded by Michael Perlman to William H. Gross
CENSUS, LITERATURE AND EXHIBITION REFERENCES
Stamps 8/30/1941 article reporting discovery
The Philatelic Foundation (1989)
Very Fine-Extremely Fine; right stamp has small tear at bottom
SCOTT CATALOGUE VALUE (2019)
$42,500.00 as five singles without gum (a pair valued at $42,500.00)
HISTORY AND COMMENTARY
Stuck Together in 1857
The 10¢ Type I strip offered here--the largest multiple of Scott 13--was found in 1941 in a group of six strips of five, $3 face value, cut from the same sheet and included in a letter mailed on May 30, 1857, from Sacramento to an eastern publisher to pay for a subscription. When the publisher received them, the stamps had become stuck down, so he wrote a note on the letter and returned it with the unusable stamps, asking the sender to replace them with currency. About 84 years after these events, the letter with the stamps still attached was found by Alexander D. Gage (1905-1986), of Pasadena, a stamp dealer and partner in Higgins & Gage. The stamps were plated by Stanley B. Ashbrook, and the discovery was reported in the 8/30/1941 Stamps magazine.
Following their discovery, at least three were eventually acquired by Philip G. Rust, a chemical engineer by training and the husband of Eleanor Francis du Pont, a fifth generation heiress to the family fortune. On his farm in Georgia, Rust quietly formed a spectacular collection of classic U.S. stamps and covers, buying in sales throughout the 1940s, 50s and 60s. It is believed that he consigned three strips (61-65R, 76-80R and 96-100R) to the 1987 Rarities of the World sale. The Type I strip remained intact and was eventually sold again in the 1992 Rarities of the World sale, where it was acquired by Michael Perlman. Prior to the Washington 2006 exhibition, Mr. Gross traded a cover for the strip, so it could be shown among other largest known multiples.
EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A SUPERB USED EXAMPLE OF THE 1855 10-CENT TYPE I, GRADED SUPERB 98 BY P.S.E.
The 10c Type I stamps are defined as having complete scrolls at bottom. They are only found on the bottom row of the plate (20 positions). For some reason, they were usually trimmed at bottom when they were separated, leaving a dearth of quality copies. This example, with its enormous margins, is an extreme exception to the rule.
With 2004 P.F. and 2003, 2005 and 2010 P.S.E. certificates (Superb 98; SMQ $6,250.00). Only one has graded higher (at 98J) and four others share this desirable grade.
EXTREMELY FINE GEM. A BEAUTIFUL USED EXAMPLE OF THE 1855 10-CENT TYPE I.
The 10c Type I stamps are defined as having complete scrolls at bottom. They are only found on the bottom row of the plate (20 positions). This example, with large margins and a face-free cancel, is particularly desirable.
With 1986, 2002 P.F. and 2019 P.S.E. certificates (XF-Superb 95; SMQ $2,700.00). Only six stamps grade higher