ONE OF TWO RECORDED WELLS FARGO & COMPANY EXPRESS COVERS WITH THE 5-CENT 1856 ISSUE.
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A RARE COMBINATION TO PAY THE SIX-TIMES DOMESTIC RATE.
Domestic uses of the 5c 1856 are uncommon, and only a few covers are known with multiple-stamp combinations such as this.
Ex Caspary and Mayer
5¢ Red Brown (12), three full to huge margins, miscut vertically into left but with huge part of adjoining stamp at right, rich color, trivial corner crease, used with 3¢ Dull Red, Type II (11A), full margin at right, close to slightly in on other sides, both stamps tied by bold strikes of "Albany N.Y. Nov. 7" (ca. 1856) circular datestamp on light buff over to Worcester Mass., manuscript "204" registration number, small edge faults and creases, Fine, the 5¢ registration fee effective July 1, 1855, was supposed to be paid in cash, but as this cover demonstrates, it was sometimes prepaid with a stamp, only two such 5¢ 1856 covers recorded, ex Peltz, Mueller, Mayer and Hackmey, illustrated in Hill book (p. 7), "Registration," Alexander (Chronicle 139), Frajola-Mayer book (p. 41)
5¢ Red Brown (12), full to large margins, rich color, used with two pairs and single 3¢ Dull Red, Type I (11), three 3¢ stamps have faults, tied by four strikes of "Buffalo N.Y. Mar. 18" (ca. 1857) rimless circular datestamp on cover to San Francisco, double 10¢ rate, small repaired tear at upper right, overall appearance is Fine, one of two recorded double 10¢ domestic rate covers with the 5¢ 1856 Issue--the other has two pairs--ex Neinken, Davidson, Beals, Mayer and Hackmey, illustrated in Frajola-Mayer book (p. 39), with 1988 P.F. certificate
5¢ Red Brown (12), vertical pair and two singles, full to large margins except one single slightly in at top, used with 1¢ Blue, Type V (24), centerline margin at right, and 3¢ Dull Red, Type III (26), cancelled and tied together by matching grids, "Philadelphia Pa. Mar. 25" circular datestamp on normal-size envelope to Amanda K. Miller at 20 West 16th Street in New York City
Very Fine appearance with minor edge improvements and repaired cover tear through 1¢; two 5¢ stamps at right have tiny corner creases and one with small tear.
This cover was prepaid 24¢ for the eight-times 3¢ per half ounce domestic rate, thus weighing between 3.5 and 4 ounces. Since it is a small envelope, the enclosure must have been something other than paper, possibly a photographic tintype or daguerreotype. Section 15 of the September 1854 instructions issued by Postmaster General James Campbell (Appendix, page 161) states, "Daguerreotypes when sent in the mail should be rated and charged with letter postage by weight." Amanda K. Miller, who died in 1895, was a Quaker and had been married to Dr. Charles Miller. The address on this cover, 20 West 16th Street, is a landmarked building known as the Emma Stebbins House.
Ex Henry W. Hill, Paul C. Rohloff, Ryohei Ishikawa, Frederick R. Mayer and Joseph Hackmey. Signed by Stanley B. Ashbrook and illustrated in his Special Service, #73, p. 592, photo 292, and Frajola-Mayer, The United States Five Cent Stamp of 1856 (p. 37). With 1993 P.F. certificate.
5¢ Red Brown (12), large margins all around, tied by bold "Philadelphia Pa. Mar. 24" (1856) circular datestamp on folded letter to Halifax, Nova Scotia, sender's ship-name directive "pr 'Arabia' via Boston" and carried on the Cunarder Arabia, departing Boston on March 26, bold "Boston Br. Pkt. Mar. 26" transit datestamp on back, "UD. STATES/HALIFAX/MR 27/1856" receiving backstamp, "5" pence due handstamp for Nova Scotia inland postage, internal dateline of letter is misdated March 26
Extremely Fine; light toning along vertical file fold does not affect stamp.
The 5¢ 1856 Issue was approved and ordered by the U.S. Post Office Department on October 24, 1855 (Travers papers). Secondary sources, using government records which apparently no longer exist, reported that sometime during the first week of January 1856 the 5¢ stamps were printed and in the hands of Jesse Johnson, the stamp agent in Philadelphia, where Toppan Carpenter was located. Despite this delivery date, the March 24, 1856, cover offered here has been the longstanding earliest documented date of use. The earliest documented use from the New Orleans post office, a high-volume distributor of 5¢ stamps, is July 20, 1856, which is further evidence of delayed release. We agree with the theory presented in the Frajola-Mayer book (pages 2-3) that because the new 5¢ issue was evidently never officially announced to postmasters, there was a months-long delay before the stamps were ordered by any post offices and sold to the public.
Ex Theodore Gore, Mortimer L. Neinken, Louis Grunin, Ryohei Ishikawa and Joseph Hackmey. Illustrated in Ashbrook's Special Service, #52, p. 406, photo 213, Hill, The United States Five Cent Stamps of 1856-1861 (p. 5), Brookman, United States Postage Stamps of the 19th Century, Vol. I (p. 153), and Rose, Classic United States Imperforate Stamps (p. 68).
5¢ Red Brown (12), horizontal pair with left interpane margin with centerline (Positions 31-32R or 61-62R), gigantic top and bottom margins showing parts of adjoining stamps below, full at right, Dark Red Brown with deep rich color and proof-like impression, tied by neat "Buffalo N.Y. May 28" (1857) rimless circular datestamp on yellow cover to Richmond Hill, Canada West, faint red "U.STATES/PAID/6d" cross-border exchange office handstamp, red receiving backstamp (May 28, 1857)
Extremely Fine Gem pair; small sealed puncture tear in cover not affecting stamps.
The finest quality multiples of the 5¢ 1856 Imperforate on cover are the Caspary pair with full bottom sheet margin and this left sheet margin pair with centerline, also ex Caspary. In our 1975 Rarities of the World sale, this cover realized $6,250.
Ex Alfred H. Caspary and "Sevenoaks" (Sale 799, lot 106, where acquired by Mr. Gross).