3¢ Brownish Carmine, Type II (11A), large margins to clear including part of adjoining stamp at top, tied by "STEAM 5" straightline handstamp applied at St. Louis on May 1852 blue folded letter and prices current from New Orleans to Robert A. Barnes in St. Louis, Missouri, sender's routing instructions "Via Cairo" (Cairo, Illinois), red negative double-circle "Steamer Compromise" and triple-oval "Steam Boat Southern Belle" name-of-steamboat handstamps
Extremely Fine--a remarkable cover combining two different name-of-boat markings.
The Compromise was built in 1851 and ran the New Orleans to Natchitoches route on the lower Mississippi River. The Southern Belle carried mail on the Mississippi River. Both vessels were involved in carrying this letter north from New Orleans to St. Louis. It crossed the boundary between the lower and upper Mississippi River at Cairo, Illinois. Covers with two different steamboat-named markings are rare.
Ex Eugene Klein, Fisher E. Simmons, Jr., and Louis Grunin. Illustrated in Milgram, Vessel-Named Markings on United States Inland and Ocean Waterways, 1810-1890 (p. 648). With 1987 P.F. certificate.
3¢ Dull Red, Type I (11), margins clear to in, bright color, small flaw at top, tied by blue "Andover Mass. Jan. 12" (ca. 1856-57) circular datestamp on cover to Corisco, West Africa, addressed to Mrs. George McQueen, who traveled to Corisco in 1855 and married a missionary, sender's directive "Via No. 28 Centre Street, New York", neat "Boston Br. Pkt. 14 Jan." backstamp indicating this was sent from Andover to the foreign-mail office at Boston, but then redirected to the Centre Street mission address in New York City, Very Fine, an extremely rare early use to Africa, carried by hand to Corisco in West Africa, ex Piller, Giamporcaro and Hackmey, with 1993 P.F. certificate
3¢ Dull Red, Type I (11), large margins to just in at top left including "NGRAVERS. New York. Phila. Bos" portion of imprint at right, bright color, tied by clear strike of 7-ring Canadian target cancel, "Mount Brydges U.C. Apr. ?, 1856" circular datestamp on buff cover to Detroit, Michigan, clear "6D" in circle handstamp, cover with minor edge tears, missing part of top flap, Very Fine, a beautiful and rare example of the 3¢ 1851 Issue with part imprint and used from Canada, it is believed seven are known used from Canada, in the absence of any due markings it appears the stamp was accepted as payment for the U.S. portion of the postage, though this is not as clearly evident as the previous lot which indicates that 10¢ was paid, ex Dr. Robertson and Hackmey, with 1984 P.F. certificate
3¢ Rose Red, Type II (11A), vertical and horizontal pairs, margins to in, tied together by two strikes of "London U.C. Oc 31, 1856" circular datestamp on buff cover from Canada to oil merchant F. S. Pease in Buffalo, New York, and accepted as fully paid; the bottom right stamp was originally bisected to more properly pay the 10¢ rate, but the sender apparently had second thoughts as the right half was put back before being postmarked; stamps creased before use, minor repaired flap and edges strengthened, still Fine, a fascinating and probably unique use, examples of the 3¢ 1851 Issue from Canada are far rarer than the 1847 Issue similarly used and the example offered here with stamps paying all postage is truly amazing, ex Bilden, Dr. Robertson and Hackmey, illustrated in Boggs, The Postage Stamps and Postal History of Canada (p. 85)
3¢ Brownish Carmine, Type II (11A), margins to touched, small scissors-cut at right, tied by bold "Charleston S.C. Paid Dec 15" (1855) circular datestamp on blue printed prices current to New Ross, Ireland, sender's ship-name directive "p Africa" but carried on the Cunard steamer America (departing Boston December 19, 1855, arriving Liverpool December 31), neat "America Liverpool DE 31, 55" circular datestamp on back, receiving backstamp (January 2), bold "2" pence handstamp for inland postage, Fine and unusual use of the 3¢ stamp on a printed circular--this was overpaid 1¢, ex Piller and Hackmey, with 2003 R.P.S. certificate
3¢ Claret, Type I (11), horizontal strip of five, three large margins, clear to just touched at bottom, right stamp faint pre-use bend, tied by Boston large "Paid" grid cancels and red "Boston Paid 12 29 Jul." (1857) 12¢ credit datestamp on cover to Paris, France, black "Boston Br. Pkt. 29 Jul." circular datestamp on back--carried on the Cunarder America, departing Boston July 29, 1857, and arriving Liverpool August 10--French arrival datestamp (August 11) and Paris receiving backstamp, Very Fine, an outstanding cover bearing a strip of five of the 3¢ Claret shade to pay the treaty rate to France, ex Hicks
3¢ Orange Red, Type I (11), Positions 39-40/49-50/59-60/69-70R4, unused block of eight (no gum) from right pane of Plate 4 with "Toppan, Carpenter, Casilear & Co. BANK NOTE ENGRAVERS. Phila. New York, Boston & Cincinnati" imprint and "No. 4" plate number at right, full to ample margins, light shade
As block of 16: John N. Luff
As block of 8: Siegel Auction Galleries, 8/9/1966, Sale 304, lot 146
Siegel Auction Galleries, 1975 Rarities of the World, 3/25/1975, Sale 468, lot 28
Stanley M. Piller, Siegel Auction Galleries, 3/25/1993, Sale 748, lot 71, to Chapin
John C. Chapin (collection sold privately to Shreves and then to Mr. Gross, 2002)
CENSUS, LITERATURE AND EXHIBITION REFERENCES
Chapin census no. 27
Very Fine appearance; two horizontal creases ending in closed tears in margin, which has been slightly reduced
SCOTT CATALOGUE VALUE (2019)