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271 Selected Lots, Page 1 of 28

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FILTER: Area=United States, Sub Area=U.S. Stamps, General=19th Century Issues, Issue/Country=1851-56 Issue, All Sale Dates thru 2022/01/01, Catalogue = 10, Symbol IN ("COVER")
Area/Sub/
General/Issue
Sale#/
Date
Lot#/
Grade
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
United States
U.S. Stamps
19th Century Issues
1851-56 Issue
2019-10-29
The William H. Gross Collection: United States Postal History
c
Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 166, 1851 Issue First Day Covers, The only 1851 First Day cover from Chillicothe, Ohio

3¢ Orange Brown, Type I (10), Position 51R1E, three large margins, clear to touched at right, radiant color, tied by blue 7-bar grid cancel, matching "Chillicothe, Ohio 1 Jul." (1851) First Day circular datestamp on buff cover to Columbus, Ohio, stamp also "tied" by unusual pinhole grid (probably from an affixing wafer), Very Fine, the only recorded First Day cover of the 1851 Issue from Chillicothe, Ohio, accompanied by note from Dr. Chase stating in his opinion this is an 1851 use due to the use of the Plate 1 Early stamp, ex Schenck, Rubel, H. J. Baker and Fisher

HISTORY AND COMMENTARY

The New 1851 Issue

Three new stamps--1¢, 3¢ and 12¢ denominations-- were necessary after postage rates were revised by Congress during the Fillmore administration. Effective July 1, 1851, the basic rates became 1¢ for newspapers and circulars (with a distance escalation until 1852), 1¢ for drop letters and carrier fees, 3¢ for domestic letters sent up to 3,000 miles, and 6¢ for letters sent over 3,000 miles. Prepayment by stamps or stamped envelopes was not made compulsory until 1855, but for the first time there were higher rates for letters sent unpaid--5¢ instead of 3¢, and 10¢ instead of 6¢. The combination of convenience and the financial incentive to prepay postage led to a rapid increase in stamp use and popularity.

Under Postmaster General Nathan K. Hall, the contract to print the 1851 Issue was awarded to the Philadelphia firm of Toppan, Carpenter, Casilear & Co. (Casilear retired in October 1854, but his name was included in plate imprints as late as 1857). To start, only the 1¢, 3¢ and 12¢ (and the General Issue Carrier stamps) were produced. A 10¢ stamp was added in 1855 to meet the new transcontinental rate, and a 5¢ stamp was added in 1856 for use on transatlantic mail. The firm's original six-year contract was extended to 1861, during which time stamps were perforated and three new denominations were issued (24¢, 30¢ and 90¢), for a total of eight different stamps under Toppan Carpenter's contract.

All three 1851 Issue stamps were supplied to certain post offices on or before July 1, 1851, the first day of the new rates. The census of 1851 First Day Covers published by Wilson Hulme in 2001 (The 1851 Issue of United States Stamps: A Sesquicentennial Retrospective, USPCS) tallied 45 covers from 23 cities in 11 states (one in the count was postmarked by the Louisville & Cincinnati Mail Line route agent). Only two of the 45 covers have 1¢ stamps--the Scott 5A cover from Boston (sold in the Gross U.S. Treasures sale) and a cover with a strip of Scott 7 from New York City (ex Jefferys and Grunin). The other 43 have 3¢ stamps, and currently there are no 12¢ July 1 covers known.

The two 3¢ First Day covers offered in this sale are among the finest extant.

E. 5,000-7,500
6,000
United States
U.S. Stamps
19th Century Issues
1851-56 Issue
2019-10-29
The William H. Gross Collection: United States Postal History
c
Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 198, 1851 3¢ Orange Brown and Red Shades, 3¢ Orange Brown on cover to France carried to the post office by the New Orleans carrier

3¢ Orange Brown, Type I (10), two, gorgeous rich color, large margins (one just slightly in at left), bold black grid cancels, green "N.O.U.S. City Post, Sep. 29" (1851) framed datestamp applied by carrier department, brilliant red "New Orleans La. Sep. 30" (1851) circular datestamp on bluish folded letter to Bordeaux, France, sender's routing instruction "pour First Stimar"--likely carried on the Ocean Line Washington, departing New York on October 4, 1851, but forced to return due to mechanical troubles on the 11th, her mail bags were sent to Boston for carriage on the Cunarder Canada, departing October 15 and arriving Liverpool October 26-- red London backstamp (October 27), red Paris British Packet arrival datestamp (October 28), black "15" decimes due handstamp, receiving backstamps (October 30), a Very Fine and possibly unique use of the New Orleans carrier marking on a transatlantic letter with the 3¢ Orange Brown--the 6¢ postage on this letter was probably intended to prepay the 5¢ inland rate plus 1¢ for carrier service, out of the sender's misunderstanding of the carrier fee structure, but there was no charge in New Orleans for letters carried to the mails, ex Dr. Kapiloff, Ashendorf and "Sevenoaks"

E. 2,000-3,000
2,100
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United States
U.S. Stamps
19th Century Issues
1851-56 Issue
2019-05-01
Gem-Quality United States Stamps
c
Sale Number 1199, Lot Number 1031, 3c-12c 1851-56 Issue (Scott 10-17)3c Orange Brown, Ty. I (10), 3c Orange Brown, Ty. I (10)3c Orange Brown, Ty. I (10). Position 15L1i, wonderful depth of color, full margins to clear, tied by large "Paid" grid cancel with red "Boston 17 Aug." circular datestamp on blue folded cover to New Orleans, 1852 docketing, Very Fine

E. 200-300
130
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United States
U.S. Stamps
19th Century Issues
1851-56 Issue
2019-03-11
United States Postal History including The Angel Collection
c
Sale Number 1196, Lot Number 805, 1851-56 Issue3c Orange Brown, Ty. I (10), 3c Orange Brown, Ty. I (10)3c Orange Brown, Ty. I (10). Full margins to just in at top left, cancelled by black grid, blue "Buffalo N.Y. 3 Aug. 14" (1851) integral-rate circular datestamp on buff cover to Mansfield Center Conn., cover with "PRE-PAY, PRE-PAY--Is the order of the day." propaganda design, with original enclosure, minor edgewear, Very Fine, a rare propaganda cover designed to promote the use of postage stamps, our digital records contain one other, used in Meadville Pa. in October (Meadville is approximately 130 miles from Buffalo)

E. 300-400
800
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United States
U.S. Stamps
19th Century Issues
1851-56 Issue
2019-03-11
United States Postal History including The Angel Collection
c
Sale Number 1196, Lot Number 807, 1851-56 Issue3c Orange Brown, Ty. II (10A), 3c Orange Brown, Ty. II (10A)3c Orange Brown, Ty. II (10A). Two covers, first large margins to in including top left corner margins, cancelled by dark blue grid, matching "Mic. Central R. R. Mic. Aug. 8" (1851) railroad route agent's circular datestamp on brown cover to Howell Mich., sender's directive "Please forward by 'Dexter Mail'", with original enclosure datelined "New Buffalo Aug. 7 Thurs eve." (which corresponds to 1851 calendar), Very Fine, second with left sheet margin, large margins to just in and tied by "Mic. Central R. R. Mic. Aug. 4" circular datestamp on brown cover from the same correspondence and same routing instructions, Very Fine, an attractive pair

E. 200-300
325
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United States
U.S. Stamps
19th Century Issues
1851-56 Issue
2018-10-25
United States and CSA Postal History
c
Sale Number 1191, Lot Number 2032, Transatlantic, Railroad, Steamboat Mail3c Orange Brown, Ty. I (10), 3c Orange Brown, Ty. I (10)3c Orange Brown, Ty. I (10). Position 12L5L, large margins to clear, rich color, showing characteristic rust spot at bottom right, tied by blue "St. Ls. & Kk Steamers Dec. 4" circular datestamp on blue 1856 folded letter to Macomb Ill., endorsed "Keokuk" at bottom left, Very Fine, a rare postal marking, with Ashbrook notes and signed Ashbrook on back, illustrated in Ashbrook Vol. II on p. 229

E. 300-400
200
Back to Top
United States
U.S. Stamps
19th Century Issues
1851-56 Issue
2017-11-08
United States and Confederate States Postal History
c
Sale Number 1167, Lot Number 2235, 3c 1851-56 Issue3c Orange Brown, Ty. I (10), 3c Orange Brown, Ty. I (10)3c Orange Brown, Ty. I (10). Large margins to just in, rich color, tied by "Detroit Mich. Sep. 29" circular datestamp on brown cover with "E. B. & S. Wards Steam Boat Office, Detroit Mich." cameo corner card depicting a steamboat, to Hudson Mich., Very Fine and attractive

E. 200-300
1,000
Back to Top
United States
U.S. Stamps
19th Century Issues
1851-56 Issue
2017-05-09
United States and Confederate States Postal History
c
Sale Number 1155, Lot Number 3185, 1851-60 Issues3c Dull Red, Ty. II (11A), 3c Dull Red, Ty. II (11A)3c Dull Red, Ty. II (11A). Tied by unclear strike of blue Philadelphia Pa. circular datestamp, bold strike of red "R" handstamp (recorded), manuscript "Reg." and "20" registry number, addressed to Philadelphia street address, stamp with slight oxidation and sealed tear at right, Very Fine appearance, scarce

E. 300-400
425
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United States
U.S. Stamps
19th Century Issues
1851-56 Issue
2016-12-13
Smithsonian National Postal Museum Benefit Auction
c
Sale Number 1144, Lot Number 72, 3c 1851-56 Issue, Orange Brown (Scott 10-10A)3c Orange Brown, Ty. I (10), 3c Orange Brown, Ty. I (10)3c Orange Brown, Ty. I (10). Huge margins to clear including top sheet margin, brilliant color and detailed impression, cancelled by Roman numeral "V" 5-cent rate handstamp, "Warren Pa. Jul. 28" circular datestamp on buff cover to Starkey N.Y., minor ink erosion in address, Very Fine and choice, scarce use of the Roman numeral 5c rate marking on an 1851 Issue stamp

E. 200-300
450
Back to Top
United States
U.S. Stamps
19th Century Issues
1851-56 Issue
2016-12-13
Smithsonian National Postal Museum Benefit Auction
c
Sale Number 1144, Lot Number 74, 3c 1851-56 Issue, Orange Brown (Scott 10-10A)3c Orange Brown, Ty. I (10), 3c Orange Brown, Ty. I (10)3c Orange Brown, Ty. I (10). Large margins to just in at top, rich color, cancelled by brown "PAID" handstamps, matching "Hampton Falls N.H. Aug. 25" circular datestamp with date in manuscript on cover to Portsmouth N.H., minor cover wear, Very Fine, scarce with the brown "Paid" cancels, with 1999 P.F. certificate

E. 300-400
300
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FILTER: Area=United States, Sub Area=U.S. Stamps, General=19th Century Issues, Issue/Country=1851-56 Issue, All Sale Dates thru 2022/01/01, Catalogue = 10, Symbol IN ("COVER")

271 Selected Lots , Page 1 of 28


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