EXTREMELY FINE GEM. THIS IS WITHOUT QUESTION THE FINEST CORNER-MARGIN COPY OF THE 10-CENT 1847 ISSUE ON COVER. FROM A RELATIVELY RECENT DISCOVERY, WHICH WAS OFFERED TO THE MARKET FOR THE FIRST TIME IN OUR 2006 RARITIES SALE.
In his extensive census of the 10c 1847 issue with corner sheet margins, Philip T. Wall records a total of sixteen used stamps on or off cover (another three or four covers have since been recorded). Others can be plated as corner margin positions but do not show significant sheet margins. Many of these have faults, the most common being creases in the selvage.
This cover was part of a find of eleven 5c and 10c 1847 covers, which were discovered in 2004 in Geneva, New York. Nine of the eleven are addressed to Samuel Baldwin.
USPCS census no. 7910. With 2006 P.F. certificate.
VERY FINE. A VERY EARLY EXAMPLE OF WHAT CAN RIGHTLY BE CALLED AN ILLUSTRATED ADVERTISING DESIGN ON A 10-CENT 1847 ISSUE COVER.
Powers & Weightman, who employed the writer of this letter and used the Valerian plant in its chemical compounds, was founded by William Weightman (1813-1904). Weightman was a prominent chemical manufacturer and one of the largest landowners in the United States during the mid-1800's. He was nicknamed the "Quinine King" and invented a synthetic form of the drug. The company merged in the 1920's with the pharmaceutical giant Merck & Co.
USPCS census no. 11820. Accompanied by a transcription of the letter. With 1990 P.S.E. certificate
EXTREMELY FINE. A BEAUTIFUL 10-CENT 1847 PAIR ON COVER TO PHILADELPHIA.
USPCS census no. 4851. Ex Moody, Rust and Haub ("Erivan"). With 2019 P.F. certificate
EXTREMELY FINE APPEARANCE. A SPECTACULAR SHEET-MARGIN EXAMPLE OF THE 10-CENT 1847 ISSUE USED ON AN UNUSUAL TURNED COVER FROM SAVANNAH TO NEW YORK CITY, THEN FORWARDED TO MONTREAL, CANADA -- ADDING TO THE MIX IS THE PRESENCE OF THE "6" IN CIRCLE SHIP-LETTER RATE MARKING USED AS A CANCELLATION.
USPCS census no. 8142. Ex Boker and Gross
VERY FINE. A RARE EXAMPLE OF THE 10-CENT 1847 ISSUE USED ON A COVER FROM CANADA TO THE UNITED STATES. THIS COVER WAS ACCEPTED AS FULLY PREPAID IN NEW YORK, EVEN THOUGH IT WAS UNDERPAID FOR THE DOUBLE WEIGHT CLASS. THE ONLY SUCH USE RECORDED IN THE USPCS CENSUS.
The manuscript "9" pence marking and letter content listing several enclosures indicate that this originally weighed more than the half-ounce single-rate limit. The correct U.S. postage from the border should have been 20c for a letter weighing between one-half and one ounce, sent over 300 miles. However, New York accepted this as fully prepaid and cancelled the stamp on arrival. This is the only double-rate use recorded in the USPCS census.
USPCS census no. 275. Illustrated and described in an article in Chronicle 222 (copy accompanies). Ex Ackerman and Mirksy.
FINE. A REMARKABLE AND RARE RETALIATORY RATE COVER FROM BOSTON TO NOVA SCOTIA VIA NEW YORK. ONLY TEN RETALIATORY RATE COVERS BEARING U.S. STAMPS ARE RECORDED, AND THIS IS ONE OF ONLY TWO TO BRITISH NORTH AMERICA.
The full history of the Retaliatory Rate period is told in our catalogue for the famous Rush cover, available at http://www.siegelauctions.com/2006/912/912.pdf . The so-called Retaliatory Period resulted from Great Britain's effort to maintain its monopoly on transatlantic mail carriage through the subsidized Cunard steamship line, which operated without competition from 1840 through 1846. In response to the emergence of subsidized American packets in 1847 (the Ocean Line), the British issued an order (effective June 9, 1847) authorizing its receiving offices to collect the usual British packet postage on letters carried to England by American subsidized steamers. This effectively allowed England to collect 24c packet charges for every inbound letter, whether or not any service had been performed.
The United States vehemently protested the British order through diplomatic channels, but efforts to persuade the government to rescind the anti-American postal tariff were unsuccessful. In December 1847, U.S. Postmaster General Cave Johnson petitioned Congress for power to levy like charges on mail carried by British steamers to or from the United States, but he was not authorized to do so until June 1848. On all Cunard sailings from June 24, 1848 (the Caledonia from Liverpool) through December 31, 1848 (the Europa arriving at New York), American packet postage was required on all inbound and outbound mail to England whether or not one of the American vessels was used, creating the so-called Retaliatory Rate. Beginning with the departure of the Europa from New York on January 10, 1849, earlier rates were restored, and soon after the new U.S.-British treaty rate was effected.
This cover to Nova Scotia reflects the dispute between Great Britain and the United States. The 10c strip of three pays the 5c rate for internal U.S. postage from Boston to New York, plus a 1c overpayment of the 24c Retaliatory Rate. The letter was carried aboard the Cunarder America, which departed New York on August 16 and stopped at Halifax on its way to Liverpool. The 1sh 8p due from recipient represents the one-shilling charge for British packet postage, plus 8 pence for internal postage for distance of 101 to 200 miles for delivery to Pictou (9 pence in local currency).
USPCS census no. 12904. Ex Pope, Dr. Robertson and Mirsky. With 1985 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE. A RARE EARLY USE OF THE 10-CENT 1847 ISSUE.
The earliest recorded use of the 10c 1847 Issue is the famous July 2 cover, owned by William H. Gross and currently on loan to the Smithsonian National Postal Museum. The next earliest is used from New York to Illinois on July 9, the day before this cover was mailed. One other is also known used on July 10, which was a Saturday.