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FILTER: Area=United States, Sub Area=U.S. Postal History, General=State, Issue/Country=New Mexico, All Sale Dates thru 2020/01/01, Catalogue = NUEVO MEXICO
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Date
Lot#/
Grade
Symbol
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Cat./Est. Value
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United States
U.S. Postal History
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New Mexico
2018-10-23
The John Birkinbine II Collection of Arizona and New Mexico Postal History
c
Sale Number 1189, Lot Number 1001, Mexican Period, Circa 1824--Santa Fe (New Mexico) to Chihuahua, “NUEVO MEXICO” Straightline Handstamp. Bold red strike with manuscript “3” reales due marking on undated envelope (red wax seal, top flap removed) addressed to “Al Alcalde constitucional 1er nombrado rta ciudad, Chiguagua” (the Alcalde Constitucional Primero Nombrado, Chihuahua) from “Del Ald 1o rta Villa de Sta. Fee” (the Alcalde Primero Nombrado, Santa Fe), official correspondence from early Mexican Republic period, sent by the constitutional alcade (equivalent to mayor) of Santa Fe to his counterpart in Chihuahua, with pencil notation “1820” (archival notation, but it cannot be the mailing year), manuscript notation on back listing five surnames

VERY FINE WITH A PERFECT STRIKE OF THE EXTREMELY RARE “NUEVO MEXICO” STRAIGHTLINE--THIS IS REPORTED TO BE THE EARLIEST RECORDED EXAMPLE OF THIS MARKING, AND THE ADDRESS PROVIDES IRREFUTABLE PROOF THAT IT WAS USED AT SANTA FE IN NEW MEXICO.

In December 1821 news of Mexican independence reached Santa Fe in New Mexico. After two centuries under Spanish colonial rule, the city took steps to create a representative government as part of the Mexican Empire (the country transitioned to a Republic in 1823-1824). The Alcalde Primero Nombrado (First Mayor Named) was the title under the constitutional government and is used as part of the address on this cover from the Alcalde of Santa Fe to the Alcalde of Chihuahua. The notation at lower left is significant, because it identifies the origin as Santa Fe, providing the earliest evidence we have that the “NUEVO MEXICO” straightline was applied there and not at one of the other post offices in New Mexico. The cover was carried south from Santa Fe on the Spanish Royal Road of the Interior (El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro), and this part is known as the Chihuahua Trail. It was rated “3” reales postage due. Covers from New Mexico during the early Republic period are exceedingly rare.

Ex Risvold (acquired from Nicholas Follensbee, 1999)

E. 20,000-30,000
0
FILTER: Area=United States, Sub Area=U.S. Postal History, General=State, Issue/Country=New Mexico, All Sale Dates thru 2020/01/01, Catalogue = NUEVO MEXICO

1 Selected Lot , Page 1 of 1


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