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50 Selected Lots, Page 1 of 5

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FILTER: Area=United States, Sub Area=Confederate States and Civil War-Related, Issue/Country=Confederate States and Civil-War Related, All Sale Dates thru 2020/01/01, Catalogue = Adams Express
Area/Sub/
General/Issue
Sale#/
Date
Lot#/
Grade
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
United States
Confederate States and Civil War-Related
-
Confederate States and Civil-War Related
2019-10-29
The William H. Gross Collection: United States Postal History
c
Sale Number 1211, Lot Number 375, Civil War Postal History, Adams Express cover carried across the lines in August 1861 after suspension of the mails

"Adams Ex. Co. * Louisville, Ky. * Aug. 12, 1861", clear strike of circular datestamp on 3¢ Red on Buff Star Die entire (U27) to New York City, 3¢ Dull Red, Type III (26) cancelled by blue grid with matching "Louisville Ky. Aug. 13, 1861" circular datestamp, receipt docketing of August 15, 1861, at left

Very Fine example of mail carried from the South to the North across the lines, after the regular transmission of mail along pre-war postal routes was suspended. This is also an unusual combination of a 3¢ adhesive and a 3¢ entire on this type of mail. The 3¢ adhesive was probably affixed by the Adams office in Louisville to avoid having the prepaid postage rejected as Southern contraband.

Ex Stephen D. Brown, Lawrence L. Shenfield and Robert W. Wiseman. Special Routes census no. N-AD-64.

E. 1,500-2,000
1,500
United States
Confederate States and Civil War-Related
-
Confederate States and Civil-War Related
2019-06-26
2019 Rarities of the World
c
Sale Number 1205, Lot Number 2179, Confederate StatesAdams Express Co. New-Orleans Apr, Adams Express Co. New-Orleans AprAdams Express Co. New-Orleans Apr. Circular datestamp (with "Apr" month only, 1861 use) ties 3c Dull Red, Ty. III (26) on gray lithographed American Tract Society illustrated advertising cover to Col. John Duncan at Jackson Miss., manuscript "Paid 2/-" express charge (two bits, or 25c), neatly docketed with April 25, 1861 origin date and April 26 arrival date

EXTREMELY FINE. A RARE PRECURSOR EXPRESS COMPANY COVER FROM NEW ORLEANS TO JACKSON, MISSISSIPPI, CARRIED BY ADAMS EXPRESS OUTSIDE THE MAILS BEFORE JUNE 1, 1861, ENTIRELY WITHIN THE STATES IN REBELLION.

In the early months of 1861, express companies began carrying mail in anticipation of service disruptions. The Adams New Orleans marking is rare, and this beautiful cover is an extremely rare example of Adams mail carried between New Orleans and another seceded state -- the typical use is on mail to New York City or other states in the Union.

Illustrated in Chase book (p. 318). Ex Chase, Knapp, Emerson, Shenfield and Richey. With 1999 P.F. certificate

E. 2,000-3,000
9,000
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United States
Confederate States and Civil War-Related
-
Confederate States and Civil-War Related
2018-10-24
The Kilbourne Collection of CSA Stamps and Postal History, Part 2
c
Sale Number 1190, Lot Number 1533, Patriotics–Handstamped Paid and Due Markings: Davis-Stephens and Davis MedallionsAdams Express Co. Memphis, Jun. 20 (1861), Adams Express Co. Memphis, Jun. 20 (1861)Adams Express Co. Memphis, Jun. 20 (1861). Mostly clear strike of red oval datestamp on legal-size buff cover to Governor Isham G. Harris in Nashville Tenn. with purplish-black Jefferson Davis Medallion, 7-Star Flags and 10-Star Sunburst Patriotic design (JD-1B), "DH" express notation meaning "Dead Head" or free, cover refolded at right to fit on an album page, minor staining spots at left

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A LIKELY UNIQUE USE OF THE RARE ADAMS EXPRESS MEMPHIS DATESTAMP ON A PATRIOTIC COVER.

Shortly after the Confederacy was formed on February 4, 1861, the private freight express companies began carrying mail. Soon after June 1, 1861, newspapers published the first advertisements for thru-the-lines express service after the Federal government suspended the mails to seceded states. Tennessee seceded on June 8, 1861, 12 days before this cover was sent. It likely originated in Memphis and was handed directly to the Adams office in that city. This is the only use of the Adams Memphis marking on a Confederate Patriotic cover we have encountered

E. 1,500-2,000
1,100
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United States
Confederate States and Civil War-Related
-
Confederate States and Civil-War Related
2017-06-27
2017 Rarities of the World
c
Sale Number 1159, Lot Number 302, The Civil War and Confederate StatesAdams Ex. Co. * Louisville, Ky. * Aug. 14, 1861, Adams Ex. Co. * Louisville, Ky. * Aug. 14, 1861Adams Ex. Co. * Louisville, Ky. * Aug. 14, 1861. Circular datestamp ties 3c Dull Red, Ty. III (26) on censored folded letter from the Rives correspondence to New York City, blue "Charlottesville Va. Jul. 31, 1861" double-circle datestamp, matching "Paid" and "10" handstamps, 3c cancelled by Adams treated as invalid postage, second 3c applied and tied by blue "Louisville Ky. Aug. 15, 1861" double-circle datestamp and grid cancel, right stamp with replaced lower left corner, cover with small inconsequential edge tears

FINE AND RARE EXAMPLE OF CENSORSHIP BY THE ADAMS EXPRESS AGENT OF CIVILIAN MAIL BETWEEN SOUTHERN AND NORTHERN CORRESPONDENTS.

This interesting pro-Confederate letter opens with comments on reported unreliability of American Letter Express and difficulty sending letters. The writer also describes watching the Battle of First Manassas. The last portion of the letter has been censored by being crossed out with squiggles and writing in a different pen (some ink bleed-thru to front). The writer's reaction to the censorship is expressed in the letter offered in the following lot.

The opening of mail, for censorship and espionage purposes, was a sore point with the civilian population. This reference to Adams Express opening and censoring mail is a significant contemporary account.

Walske-Trepel Cenus no. N-AD-66. Ex Gallagher. With 2005 C.S.A. certificate

E. 3,000-4,000
2,100
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United States
Confederate States and Civil War-Related
-
Confederate States and Civil-War Related
2017-06-27
2017 Rarities of the World
c
Sale Number 1159, Lot Number 303, The Civil War and Confederate StatesAmerican Letter Express, American Letter ExpressAmerican Letter Express. Another folded letter from the Rives correspondence, datelined "Charlottesville Va. Aug. 10, 1861" to New York City, carried thru-the-lines to Louisville (this is the inner letter), 3c Rose (65) tied by blue "Louisville Ky. Aug. 22" double-circle datestamp and grid, the writer refers to the letter offered in the previous lot: "I do not like the espionage of Adams Express -- its dunderheaded agt. here undertook to erase certain portions of my last letter to you as contra band. You will therefore please answer me under cover to 'American Letter Express Company' Louisville Ky. enclosing 15c for postage which you will find herewith." minor wear and edge tears

VERY FINE AND RARE THROUGH-THE-LINES EXPRESS COVER BEARING POSTAGE OF THE 1861 ISSUE. THIS WAS POSSIBLE FOR ONLY A FEW DAYS IN LATE AUGUST, 1861. ALSO AN OUTSTANDING CONTEMPORARY ACCOUNT OF FRUSTRATION OVER CENSORSHIP OF CIVILIAN MAIL.

This letter was posted on August 22, four days before the August 26 prohibition of thru-the-lines express mail. Through-the-lines express covers bearing 1861 Issue stamps are very rare as there was less than a one-week window from the date of issue to the prohibition. The Walske-Trepel census records only three such covers with 1861 Issue stamps.

Walske-Trepel Cenus no. N-AX-12. Ex Knapp, MacBride, Roser and Gallagher

E. 2,000-3,000
1,100
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United States
Confederate States and Civil War-Related
-
Confederate States and Civil-War Related
2017-03-03
The Civil War and Confederate States
c
Sale Number 1151, Lot Number 1531, Through-the-Lines Express MailAdams Express Company, Great Eastern, Western & Southern Express Forwarders, New-York, Adams Express Company, Great Eastern, Western & Southern Express Forwarders, New-YorkAdams Express Company, Great Eastern, Western & Southern Express Forwarders, New-York. Large blue oval handstamp clearly struck on 3c Red on Buff Star Die entire (U27), southbound to Washington N.C., clear strike of blue "Adams Express Co. Augusta Ga. Jul. 4" (1861) oval datestamp, manuscript "25/1" (25c single rate), partly clear "Augusta Ga. Jul. 16" double-circle datestamp and "PAID 10" straightline handstamp for Confederate postage, accompanying certificate notes a repair at upper right but this appears to be only on a small section of the back and does not affect the indicia

VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE COMBINATION OF ADAMS EXPRESS NEW YORK AND AUGUSTA OFFICE MARKINGS, BOTH CLEARLY STRUCK ON THE OBVERSE OF A COVER FOR ACROSS-THE-LINES EXPRESS SERVICE TO NORTH CAROLINA.

Only a few covers are recorded with this combination of Adams office markings and at least one of the others has the large New York oval handstamp struck on the back (ex Brandon). This cover was sent during the early period when Adams southbound mail was not postmarked at Louisville or Nashville. In this case, it was carried in the Adams network to Augusta and entered the C.S.A. mails there.

The Adams New York oval handstamp is extremely rare, and collectors should be aware that a number of clever fakes were handled by John A. Fox, which have only recently been properly identified. Genuine strikes are much rarer than the auction record would indicate.

Special Routes Census No. S-AD-10. With 1997 C.S.A. certificate

E. 2,000-3,000
4,000
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United States
Confederate States and Civil War-Related
-
Confederate States and Civil-War Related
2017-03-03
The Civil War and Confederate States
c
Sale Number 1151, Lot Number 1532, Through-the-Lines Express MailAdams Ex. Co. * Louisville, Ky. * Aug. 7, 1861, Adams Ex. Co. * Louisville, Ky. * Aug. 7, 1861Adams Ex. Co. * Louisville, Ky. * Aug. 7, 1861. Circular datestamp on folded printed circular and letter datelined New Orleans Aug. 3, 1861, to New York City, 3c Dull Red, Ty. III (26), s.e. at left, tied by blue grid with matching "Louisville, Ky. Aug. 7, 1861" double-circle datestamp, fold splits reinforced with non-archival materials that show some staining, Fine appearing thru-the-lines use by Adams Express

E. 400-500
200
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United States
Confederate States and Civil War-Related
-
Confederate States and Civil-War Related
2016-05-05
U.S. and Confederate States Postal History
c
Sale Number 1125, Lot Number 920, Civil War: UnionForwarded by Adams Express Co. from Morganza, Louisiana, Forwarded by Adams Express Co. from Morganza, LouisianaForwarded by Adams Express Co. from Morganza, Louisiana. Black on orange label, usual oxidation and slight creasing, used on legal-size cover with Adam's "Soldier's Package" imprint, to Boston Mass. from a member of 38th Mass. Regiment, contents contained "$50", manuscript "pd 8/" (8 bits equals $1.00), wax seals on back, Very Fine, Adams Express covers from Louisiana usually originate from New Orleans, this Morganza label is rare and unlisted, accompanied by biographical information on the sender, Alphonso M. Lunt, who was awarded the Medal of Honor for valor at the Battle of Opequan Creek Va.

E. 300-400
375
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United States
Confederate States and Civil War-Related
-
Confederate States and Civil-War Related
2014-11-20
The Brandon Collection, Part 2: General Issues and Postal History
c
Sale Number 1087, Lot Number 55, Across-the-Lines Express Mail and First Day Postal SystemAdams Express Co. N.Y, Adams Express Co. N.YAdams Express Co. N.Y. Blue double-circle handstamp without date, matching "Paid" in oval handstamp on folded letter from Paris, France, to New Orleans, datelined "Paris, 10th May 1861", docketed with May 28 receipt date, uncancelled 3c Dull Red, Ty. III (26) tied by filing crease at lower left, letter mentions possibility of letters being detained at New York, backflap patched and small mended hole to the right of stamp, Fine appearance, extremely scarce transatlantic letter sent from New York City to New Orleans by Adams Express during the precursor period when disruptions in mail routes prompted correspondents to use Adams to forward letters, Special Routes Census No. S-PRE-8

E. 750-1,000
800
Back to Top
United States
Confederate States and Civil War-Related
-
Confederate States and Civil-War Related
2014-11-20
The Brandon Collection, Part 2: General Issues and Postal History
c
Sale Number 1087, Lot Number 57, Across-the-Lines Express Mail and First Day Postal SystemAdams Express Co., Nashville, Jun. 15 (1861), Adams Express Co., Nashville, Jun. 15 (1861)Adams Express Co., Nashville, Jun. 15 (1861). Mostly clear strike of oval datestamp in black (unusual -- struck in blue on later covers) on 3c Red on Buff Star Die entire (U27) to Warner N.H., from the Hannah L. Warren correspondence, manuscript "Paid 2/-" express charge (two bits, or 25c), blue "Nashville Ten. Jun. 15" (1861) circular datestamp with matching "Paid" and "5" handstamps for C.S.A. postage, large "Dead Letter Office P.O. Dept., No. July 16, 1861" oval datestamp and "DUE 3cts" straightline handstamp, with two original enclosures (information regarding content provided below)

VERY FINE. AN IMPORTANT ADAMS EXPRESS COMPANY COVER SENT DURING THE TRANSITION FROM THE PRECURSOR PERIOD TO ADVERTISED ACROSS-THE-LINES SERVICE IN MID-JUNE 1861. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED EXAMPLE OF CIVIL WAR EXPRESS MAIL DIVERTED TO THE UNITED STATES DEAD LETTER OFFICE.

On June 15, 1861, the American Letter Express Co. was the first to advertise its across-the-lines service. On June 22 the Adams Express Co. and M. D. Whiteside advertised their competing express services. Express covers carried across the lines by Adams prior to the first advertisements are evidence that service pre-dated the announced commencement date. These are known as Precursor express covers (see Special Route, Chapter 3).

This cover is a remarkable use of Adams across-the-lines service right at the transition from the Precursor period to advertised service. It was mailed from Nashville on June 15 and datestamped by the Nashville post office and by Adams Nashville office on the same day. This is one full week before the June 22 commencement date advertised by Adams. Obviously, Adams was moving letters between Louisville and Nashville earlier than announced in their North-South express ads, and one of the letter enclosures in this cover mentions using Adams due to the interruption of regular mails. Another example from this transitional period is the cover addressed to Louisville with the Adams Vicksburgh, Mississippi, office oval dated June 11 (lot 58 in this sale).

On the cover offered here, the 5c C.S.A. postage was paid in Nashville, but the U.S. 3c entire was considered invalid by the U.S. post office once it entered the mails (at Louisville or possibly further north). At this early date, there must have been some confusion about how to prepay U.S. postage once the letter crossed the lines. In this case, it was determined to be unpaid and sent to the U.S. Dead Letter Office. It was marked "Due 3 cts" and released July 16 (the date of the U.S. Dead Letter Office oval). The Special Routes book describes this cover as the only recorded example of an express cover that was diverted to the U.S. Dead Letter office (pages 36-37).

The enclosures in this cover were written by a Mr. E. Holcomb and Ginie Warren (daughter of the addressee, Hannah L. Warren). Holcomb states "If you do not get any further letters from our dear Ginie shortly, don't be uneasy. So much information is sent to our enemies by private letters to friends, falling into the hands of treacherous agents & postmasters, that our government has resolved to stop mails between here & the North altogether, untill we shall have given Lincolns Hessians two or three more whippings..." Ginie, who decided to remain in the South, mentions that "all letters coming from the South are sent to the dead letter office" and informs her mother that "We must take advantage of Adams Express and send them through with an increase of twenty five cents postage on the original three..." In closing Ginie proclaims, "I would rather remain in the South and take the fate of the South... I love my home too, my native state is the dearest spot on earth, but the South is the land of my adoption."

Illustrated in Special Routes (page 36), Census No. N-AD-1. Ex Boshwit

E. 5,000-7,500
16,500
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FILTER: Area=United States, Sub Area=Confederate States and Civil War-Related, Issue/Country=Confederate States and Civil-War Related, All Sale Dates thru 2020/01/01, Catalogue = Adams Express

50 Selected Lots , Page 1 of 5


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