AN ASTONISHING AND EXTREMELY FINE ADVERSITY USE OF THE BROADSIDE THAT ANNOUNCED THE START OF THE CIVIL WAR.
This is the original broadside announcing the Ordinance of Secession passed by South Carolina on December 20, 1861. The portion used for this envelope includes the Palmetto flag of South Carolina, the word "Declaration" and a section of the Ordinance with the words "People of [the State of] South Carolina". The spirit of independence -- or rebellion -- that guided South Carolina's decision to secede is reflected in the year "1776" printed at upper left.
Ex Hill and Gordon.
VERY FINE. A MOST UNUSUAL COVER FROM THE FORMWALT CORRESPONDENCE, FRANKED FOR THE GOVERNMENT TRANS-MISSISSIPPI EXPRESS BUT CARRIED BY ANDERSON'S PRIVATE EXPRESS.
The letter from Mrs. Formwalt that was contained in this cover (which no longer accompanies) is datelined at Lonely Cottage, Texas, on March 31, 1864, and states that she is sending this letter and $1.00 to Mr. Anderson, who is waiting at Fairfield, Texas, for letters to take east.
At the start of the Civil War, Maj. Formwalt enlisted as a private in Capt. William Shannon's company and was soon promoted to captain in command of his own company in Col. Nelson's 10th Regiment Texas Infantry. Maj. Formwalt was captured on January 11, 1862, at Arkansas Post, and imprisoned at Columbus, Ohio, for five months. After he was exchanged he joined the Army of the Tennessee. At the battle of Franklin, Tennessee, in November 1864, Formwalt, as a senior captain, was wounded while leading his regiment in the charge. Shortly after he was promoted to the rank of major.
Illustrated in Krieger book (No. W7) and shown on the back cover of that publication. Ex Corwin and Walske. Accompanying 1974 C.S.A. certificate notes "Probably carried privately rather than by C.S.A. postal system".
FINE APPEARANCE. AN EXTRAORDINARILY RARE FRANKING FOR THE 40-CENT TRANS-MISSISSIPPI EXPRESS RATE, COMBINING A BLOCK OF THE 5-CENT RICHMOND PRINT WITH A "DUE 20" MARKING.
The use of the 5c Local (Richmond) print from west of the Mississippi points to an 1863 mailing.
Unlisted in Krieger. Ex MacBride and Walske
VERY FINE. AN EXTREMELY RARE OUTBOUND BLOCKADE-RUN COVER TO NASSAU WITH THE "BAHAMAS/SHIP LETTER" TWO-LINE HANDSTAMP. ONE OF ONLY THREE RECORDED WITH THIS MARKING.
This cover comes from the same Bahamas find as the cover offered in the previous lot and also features a combination of rare elements, including Confederate postage on a blockade-run cover and the "BAHAMAS/SHIP LETTER" two-line handstamp, of which three are recorded on blockade covers.
Special Routes census no. BO-Nas-25. Referenced in Linn's Stamp News when the cover was discovered in the Bahamas and sold on eBay (Nov. 17, 2003). With 2003 P.F. certificate as "genuine" but incorrectly stating "sent to Petersburg Va. via Nassau." The cover originated in the C.S.A. and the sender simply addressed the cover to an individual of Petersburg Va. at Nassau. The cover was advertised at Nassau for the recipient and likely never went to Petersburg
VERY FINE. A RARE COVER CARRIED ACROSS THE BORDER FROM MEXICO TO EAGLE PASS, WHERE IT ENTERED THE CONFEDERATE MAILS TO SAN ANTONIO.
Brach-Shonfeld & Co. was a prominent commercial firm involved in the cross-border trade between Mexico and the Confederate States. The addressee, Dr. W. G. Kingsbury, was a director on the board of the San Antonio Mutual Aid Society.
With 2019 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE. AN EXCEEDINGLY RARE DOUBLE-RATE CONFEDERATE GENERAL ISSUE FRANKING ON A COVER CARRIED ACROSS THE RIO GRANDE AND PUT INTO THE MAILS AT EAGLE PASS DURING THE FEDERAL OCCUPATION OF BROWNSVILLE.
Brownsville was occupied by U.S. forces from November 7, 1863, to July 20, 1864. During this time, mail between Mexico and the C.S.A. was carried across the border further up the Rio Grande between Piedras Negras and Eagle Pass.
Johann August Forcke, a German immigrant, arrived in Texas in 1845 and was a practicing pharmacist in New Braunfels for 50 years.
Ex Brooks and Walske. With 1984 P.F. certificate
VERY FINE APPEARANCE. A COLORFUL AND RARE CONFEDERATE STEAMBOAT COVER.
The Confederate packet James Battle advertised service on the Alabama River from Mobile and Montgomery. It was captured as a blockade runner in November 1863 and put into service for the North.