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14 Selected Lots, Page 1 of 2

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FILTER: All Sale Dates thru 2020/01/01, Catalogue = Northern Liberties
Area/Sub/
General/Issue
Sale#/
Date
Lot#/
Grade
Symbol
Photo/Description
Cat./Est. Value
Realized
United States
U.S. Stamps
Back-of-Book
Carriers, Locals and Independent Mails
2019-06-26
2019 Rarities of the World
c
Sale Number 1205, Lot Number 2115, Carriers, Local Posts and Independent MailsNorthern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post Office, Northern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post OfficeNorthern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post Office. Type I circular mark impressed at left on March 30, 1836 folded letter to Reading Pa., red "Phila. 31 Mar." in octagonal frame, matching "Paid" in octagon handstamp, skillfully reinforced along folds and minor cosmetic improvements along edges

VERY FINE. ONE OF 12-14 RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE NORTHERN LIBERTIES NEWS ROOMS MARKING, WHICH WAS APPLIED TO MAIL HANDLED BY THE SUB POST OFFICE OPERATED BY ANDREW McMAKIN.

Prior to 1854, the Northern Liberties area (north of Vine Street) was outside Philadelphia's city limits. Carriers were used to transport mail between outlying areas and the main post office in Philadelphia. The term Sub Post Office refers to a location where letters could be deposited for delivery to the main post office. The Northern Liberties News Rooms, which advertised its services as early as 1833, established a Sub Post Office in 1835. The proprietor at this time was Andrew McMakin. A news item appearing in the October 10, 1835, edition of the Philadelphia Saturday Courier states: "The enterprising, attentive and indefatigable proprietor of that popular establishment, the Northern Liberties Free Admission News Room, has found the business of his Sub Post Office so much on the increase, as to induce him to prepare a new and appropriate stamp, which we perceive is now imprinted upon all letters deposited at his office." (from research by Elliott Perry and J. William Middendorf). Later advertisements link the Sub Post Office in Northern Liberties with the main Philadelphia post office, which reinforces its status as an authorized drop point for mail.

Debate among postal historians (Perry, Hahn et al) has focused on when the distinctive marking (Type I or II) was applied to letters. Some have argued that it is a press-printed impression applied to lettersheets prior to use and is, therefore, a carrier stamp. In support of the press-printed argument is the consistent orientation of the marking at the left side and at the same degree relative to the paper upon which it is impressed; it would be impossible to apply a hand-held striking device so consistently. Arguing against this press-printed theory are those who cite the effects of folds on the markings and impressions thru the paper, physical evidence that proves the marking was applied after the lettersheet had been folded. Our opinion is that the markings were applied after the letter was folded and given to the Sub Post Office, but that a mechanical device -- similar to a corporate seal -- was used to make the impression. Each letter, when inserted into the device along the guides, would receive the impression in the same relative position and orientation, not unlike a three-hole paper-punch device commonly used today.

In summary, historical evidence supports the status of the Northern Liberties News Rooms Sub Post Office as an official carrier drop point for mail to the main Philadelphia post office. However, physical evidence refutes the claim that these lettersheets were sold to patrons as stamped stationery to indicate prepayment of the carrier fee; the marking is better classified as an elaborate and mechanically-applied indication of letter handling.

Calvet M. Hahn recorded between 12 and 14 examples of Type I (some duplication of items is possible).

Ex Dr. LeBow. With 2007 P.F. certificate

E. 5,000-7,500
6,000
United States
U.S. Stamps
Back-of-Book
Carriers, Locals and Independent Mails
2018-06-27
2018 Rarities of the World
c
Sale Number 1185, Lot Number 4, Colonial, Stampless, Clipperton Island, Free FrankNorthern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post Office, Northern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post OfficeNorthern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post Office. Type I circular mark impressed at bottom left on folded letter datelined "Philada. Feb. 21st 1836", faint illegible strike of red Philadelphia octagonal framed datestamp (Feb. 21?), addressed to Mrs. Paul A. Oliver in New York and forwarded to Hamburg, Germany, clear strike of "FORWARDED THROUGH HUDSON'S NEWS ROOM & FOREIGN SHIP LETTER OFFICE NEW-YORK" oval handstamp on back, neat "Schiffs Brief-Post, Hamburg, 28 Mar 1836" rimless circular datestamp on back, red crayon "4" rate, letter describes how much sender's family misses the recipient after a recent visit, unusual circular stain which could be from a glass of Madeira

VERY FINE. A REMARKABLE EXAMPLE OF THE NORTHERN LIBERTIES NEWS ROOM MARKING ON A LETTER TO HAMBURG, GERMANY, FORWARDED THROUGH HUDSON'S NEWS ROOM IN NEW YORK CITY. A TRULY SPECTACULAR COVER HANDLED BY THE NORTHERN LIBERTIES SUB POST OFFICE AND AGAIN BY THE HUDSON'S NEWS ROOM SUB POST OFFICE. THIS IS THE ONLY RECORDED USE OF THE NORTHERN LIBERTIES MARKING ON MAIL TO A FOREIGN COUNTRY.

Prior to 1854, the Northern Liberties area (north of Vine Street) was outside Philadelphia's city limits. Carriers were used to transport mail between outlying areas and the main post office in Philadelphia. The term Sub Post Office refers to a location where letters could be deposited for delivery to the main post office. The Northern Liberties News Rooms, which advertised its services as early as 1833, established a Sub Post Office in 1835. The proprietor at this time was Andrew McMakin. A news item appearing in the October 10, 1835, edition of the Philadelphia Saturday Courier states: "The enterprising, attentive and indefatigable proprietor of that popular establishment, the Northern Liberties Free Admission News Room, has found the business of his Sub Post Office so much on the increase, as to induce him to prepare a new and appropriate stamp, which we perceive is now imprinted upon all letters deposited at his office." (from research by Elliott Perry and J. William Middendorf).

The folded letter offered here is addressed to Mrs. Paul A. Oliver, the wife of the captain of the Tiber. Based on the contents of this letter, she was traveling with her husband and had just stayed with the sender in Philadelphia. The Tiber had just sailed from New York when this reached the "care of" addressee in New York City -- it is crossed out, but probably reads John McBrair (North American Insurance Co.) at 58 Wall Street. It was left at the Hudson's News Room, on the corner of Wall and Water Streets, which served as letter forwarders and prepared bags of mail for each departing ship based on destination. Hudson's New Room was started in late 1835 by the Hudson brothers, and by the beginning of 1836 advertised themselves as a Sub Post Office with frequent delivery to the main post office. By 1837 James Hale was an employee, and he took over the operation on March 9, 1838.

This letter was most likely put on the Franklin, which was advertised as the next vessel departing for Hamburg in the February 24, 1836, edition of the Shipping and Commercial List. This letter received the "Schiffs Brief-Post" (Ship's Letter Post) marking on arrival in Hamburg.

This is a new discovery and offered to the market for the first time. It has been added to the Frajola census at http://www.rfrajola.com/NLNR.htm (we are grateful to Mr. Frajola for his assistance with this description).

E. 10,000-15,000
12,500
Back to Top
United States
U.S. Stamps
Back-of-Book
Carriers, Locals and Independent Mails
2016-05-31
2016 Rarities of the World
c
Sale Number 1129, Lot Number 448, Locals, Wells, Fargo, Sanitary Fair, Newspapers, Postal StationeryNorthern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post Office, Northern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post OfficeNorthern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post Office. Type I circular mark impressed at bottom left on folded cover to Kimberton Boarding School in Chester Co. Pa., well-struck red "Phila. 25 Nov." octagonal datestamp, manuscript "6" rating, light pencil "father" docketing at top right, expertly restored along tear at center well away from any markings

VERY FINE APPEARANCE. ONE OF 12-14 RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE NORTHERN LIBERTIES NEWS ROOMS MARKING, WHICH WAS APPLIED TO MAIL HANDLED BY THE SUB POST OFFICE OPERATED BY ANDREW McMAKIN. THIS IS ONE OF THE FINEST EXAMPLES WE HAVE EVER ENCOUNTERED.

Prior to 1854, the Northern Liberties area (north of Vine Street) was outside Philadelphia's city limits. Carriers were used to transport mail between outlying areas and the main post office in Philadelphia. The term Sub Post Office refers to a location where letters could be deposited for delivery to the main post office. The Northern Liberties News Rooms, which advertised its services as early as 1833, established a Sub Post Office in 1835. The proprietor at this time was Andrew McMakin. A news item appearing in the October 10, 1835, edition of the Philadelphia Saturday Courier states: "The enterprising, attentive and indefatigable proprietor of that popular establishment, the Northern Liberties Free Admission News Room, has found the business of his Sub Post Office so much on the increase, as to induce him to prepare a new and appropriate stamp, which we perceive is now imprinted upon all letters deposited at his office." (from research by Elliott Perry and J. William Middendorf). Later advertisements link the Sub Post Office in Northern Liberties with the main Philadelphia post office, which reinforces its status as an authorized drop point for mail. The sender's directive on the letter offered here recognizes the fact that the letter would be conveyed from the Sub Post Office to the main post office.

Debate among postal historians (Perry, Hahn et al) has focused on when the distinctive marking (Type I or II) was applied to letters. Some have argued that it is a press-printed impression applied to lettersheets prior to use and is, therefore, a carrier stamp. In support of the press-printed argument is the consistent orientation of the marking at the left side and at the same degree relative to the paper upon which it is impressed; it would be impossible to apply a hand-held striking device so consistently. Arguing against this press-printed theory are those who cite the effects of folds on the markings and impressions thru the paper, physical evidence that proves the marking was applied after the lettersheet had been folded. Our opinion is that the markings were applied after the letter was folded and given to the Sub Post Office, but that a mechanical device -- similar to a corporate seal -- was used to make the impression. Each letter, when inserted into the device along the guides, would receive the impression in the same relative position and orientation, not unlike a three-hole paper-punch device commonly used today. On the example offered here, the beginning of the first letter of "Miss" in the address barely overlaps the marking, and the marking appears to be printed on top of the address ink.

In summary, historical evidence supports the status of the Northern Liberties News Rooms Sub Post Office as an official carrier drop point for mail to the main Philadelphia post office. As such, we have positioned the Northern Liberties covers in the Philadelphia carrier section. However, physical evidence refutes the claim that these lettersheets were sold to patrons as stamped stationery to indicate prepayment of the carrier fee; the marking is better classified as an elaborate and mechanically-applied indication of letter handling.

Calvet M. Hahn records between 12 and 14 examples of Type I (some duplication of items is possible).

E. 7,500-10,000
7,500
Back to Top
United States
U.S. Stamps
Back-of-Book
Carriers, Locals and Independent Mails
2013-12-19
United States Postal History
c
Sale Number 1063, Lot Number 1683, Carrier Departments cont: Philadelphia thru St. LouisNorthern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post Office, Northern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post OfficeNorthern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post Office. Type I circular mark impressed at left on Jan. 30, 1836 folded letter to Turbitville Pa., sender's directive "The Postmaster will forward this letter as soon as it comes to hand", faint red "Phila. 31 Jan." in octagonal frame, red ms. "12-1/2" rate, splits and wear along file fold and folds at sides are reinforced

VERY FINE. ONE OF 12-14 RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE NORTHERN LIBERTIES NEWS ROOMS MARKING, WHICH WAS APPLIED TO MAIL HANDLED BY THE SUB POST OFFICE OPERATED BY ANDREW McMAKIN.

Prior to 1854, the Northern Liberties area (north of Vine Street) was outside Philadelphia's city limits. Carriers were used to transport mail between outlying areas and the main post office in Philadelphia. The term Sub Post Office refers to a location where letters could be deposited for delivery to the main post office. The Northern Liberties News Rooms, which advertised its services as early as 1833, established a Sub Post Office in 1835. The proprietor at this time was Andrew McMakin. A news item appearing in the October 10, 1835, edition of the Philadelphia Saturday Courier states: "The enterprising, attentive and indefatigable proprietor of that popular establishment, the Northern Liberties Free Admission News Room, has found the business of his Sub Post Office so much on the increase, as to induce him to prepare a new and appropriate stamp, which we perceive is now imprinted upon all letters deposited at his office." (from research by Elliott Perry and J. William Middendorf). Later advertisements link the Sub Post Office in Northern Liberties with the main Philadelphia post office, which reinforces its status as an authorized drop point for mail. The sender's directive on the letter offered here recognizes the fact that the letter would be conveyed from the Sub Post Office to the main post office.

Debate among postal historians (Perry, Hahn et al) has focused on when the distinctive marking (Type I or II) was applied to letters. Some have argued that it is a press-printed impression applied to lettersheets prior to use and is, therefore, a carrier stamp. In support of the press-printed argument is the consistent orientation of the marking at the left side and at the same degree relative to the paper upon which it is impressed; it would be impossible to apply a hand-held striking device so consistently. Arguing against this press-printed theory are those who cite the effects of folds on the markings and impressions thru the paper, physical evidence that proves the marking was applied after the lettersheet had been folded. Our opinion is that the markings were applied after the letter was folded and given to the Sub Post Office, but that a mechanical device -- similar to a corporate seal -- was used to make the impression. Each letter, when inserted into the device along the guides, would receive the impression in the same relative position and orientation, not unlike a three-hole paper-punch device commonly used today. On the example offered here, the impression appears above the sender's note, but it does cover one word, showing that a) the sender did not write around an existing mark, and b) the person applying the mark was careful not to obscure the directions, except for the first word "The".

In summary, historical evidence supports the status of the Northern Liberties News Rooms Sub Post Office as an official carrier drop point for mail to the main Philadelphia post office. As such, we have positioned the Northern Liberties covers in the Philadelphia carrier section. However, physical evidence refutes the claim that these lettersheets were sold to patrons as stamped stationery to indicate prepayment of the carrier fee; the marking is better classified as an elaborate and mechanically-applied indication of letter handling.

Calvet M. Hahn records between 12 and 14 examples of Type I (some duplication of items is possible). Ex Hollowbush, Golden and D.K. Collection. With 2000 P.F. certificate

E. 7,500-10,000
10,000
Back to Top
United States
U.S. Stamps
Back-of-Book
Carriers, Locals and Independent Mails
2008-06-07
2008 Rarities of the World
c
Sale Number 958, Lot Number 737, Carriers and LocalsNorthern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post Office, Northern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post OfficeNorthern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post Office. Type I circular mark impressed at lower left on folded cover to Miss Mary Evans at Kimberton Boarding School in Chester Co. Pa., faint red "Phila. 4 Jan.(?)" in octagonal frame, ms. "6" due rate, professionally cleaned and repaired along edges and file fold (minor cosmetic improvements with nothing added)

FINE. ONE OF 12-14 RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE NORTHERN LIBERTIES NEWS ROOMS MARKING, WHICH WAS APPLIED TO MAIL HANDLED BY THE SUB POST OFFICE OPERATED BY ANDREW McMAKIN.

Prior to 1854, the Northern Liberties area (north of Vine Street) was outside Philadelphia's city limits. Carriers were used to transport mail between outlying areas and the main post office in Philadelphia. The term Sub Post Office refers to a location where letters could be deposited for delivery to the main post office. The Northern Liberties News Rooms, which advertised its services as early as 1833, established a Sub Post Office in 1835. The proprietor at this time was Andrew McMakin. A news item appearing in the October 10, 1835, edition of the Philadelphia Saturday Courier states: "The enterprising, attentive and indefatigable proprietor of that popular establishment, the Northern Liberties Free Admission News Room, has found the business of his Sub Post Office so much on the increase, as to induce him to prepare a new and appropriate stamp, which we perceive is now imprinted upon all letters deposited at his office." (from research by Elliott Perry and J. William Middendorf). Later advertisements link the Sub Post Office in Northern Liberties with the main Philadelphia post office, which reinforces its status as an authorized drop point for mail. Calvet M. Hahn recorded between 12 and 14 examples of Type I (some duplication of items is possible).

E. 5,000-7,500
3,000
Back to Top
United States
U.S. Stamps
Back-of-Book
Carriers, Locals and Independent Mails
2006-11-15
The Edgar Kuphal Collection of U.S. Carriers and Locals
c
Sale Number 925, Lot Number 1240, Philadelphia Pa. (Northern Liberties News Rooms)Northern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post Office, Northern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post OfficeNorthern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post Office. Type I circular mark impressed at lower left on folded cover to Miss Mary Evans at Kimberton Boarding School in Chester Co. Pa., faint red "Phila. 4 Jan.(?)" in octagonal frame, ms. "6" due rate, professionally cleaned and repaired along edges and file fold (minor cosmetic improvements with nothing added)

FINE. ONE OF 12-14 RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE NORTHERN LIBERTIES NEWS ROOMS MARKING, WHICH WAS APPLIED TO MAIL HANDLED BY THE SUB POST OFFICE OPERATED BY ANDREW McMAKIN.

Prior to 1854, the Northern Liberties area (north of Vine Street) was outside Philadelphia's city limits. Carriers were used to transport mail between outlying areas and the main post office in Philadelphia. The term Sub Post Office refers to a location where letters could be deposited for delivery to the main post office. The Northern Liberties News Rooms, which advertised its services as early as 1833, established a Sub Post Office in 1835. The proprietor at this time was Andrew McMakin. A news item appearing in the October 10, 1835, edition of the Philadelphia Saturday Courier states: "The enterprising, attentive and indefatigable proprietor of that popular establishment, the Northern Liberties Free Admission News Room, has found the business of his Sub Post Office so much on the increase, as to induce him to prepare a new and appropriate stamp, which we perceive is now imprinted upon all letters deposited at his office." (from research by Elliott Perry and J. William Middendorf). Later advertisements link the Sub Post Office in Northern Liberties with the main Philadelphia post office, which reinforces its status as an authorized drop point for mail. Calvet M. Hahn recorded between 12 and 14 examples of Type I (some duplication of items is possible).

E. 5,000-7,500
0
Back to Top
United States
U.S. Stamps
Back-of-Book
Carriers, Locals and Independent Mails
2004-11-10
The Dr. Robert LeBow Collection, Part 2: United States
c
Sale Number 886, Lot Number 3021, Stampless Markings & Unusual UsagesNorthern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post Office, Northern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post OfficeNorthern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post Office. Type I circular mark impressed at left on March. 30, 1836 folded letter to Reading Pa., red "Phila. 31 Mar." in octagonal frame, matching "Paid" in octagon handstamp, skillfully reinforced along folds and minor cosmetic improvements along edges

VERY FINE. ONE OF 12-14 RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE NORTHERN LIBERTIES NEWS ROOMS MARKING, WHICH WAS APPLIED TO MAIL HANDLED BY THE SUB POST OFFICE OPERATED BY ANDREW McMAKIN.

Prior to 1854, the Northern Liberties area (north of Vine Street) was outside Philadelphia's city limits. Carriers were used to transport mail between outlying areas and the main post office in Philadelphia. The term Sub Post Office refers to a location where letters could be deposited for delivery to the main post office. The Northern Liberties News Rooms, which advertised its services as early as 1833, established a Sub Post Office in 1835. The proprietor at this time was Andrew McMakin. A news item appearing in the October 10, 1835, edition of the Philadelphia Saturday Courier states: "The enterprising, attentive and indefatigable proprietor of that popular establishment, the Northern Liberties Free Admission News Room, has found the business of his Sub Post Office so much on the increase, as to induce him to prepare a new and appropriate stamp, which we perceive is now imprinted upon all letters deposited at his office." (from research by Elliott Perry and J. William Middendorf). Later advertisements link the Sub Post Office in Northern Liberties with the main Philadelphia post office, which reinforces its status as an authorized drop point for mail.

Debate among postal historians (Perry, Hahn et al) has focused on when the distinctive marking (Type I or II) was applied to letters. Some have argued that it is a press-printed impression applied to lettersheets prior to use and is, therefore, a carrier stamp. In support of the press-printed argument is the consistent orientation of the marking at the left side and at the same degree relative to the paper upon which it is impressed; it would be impossible to apply a hand-held striking device so consistently. Arguing against this press-printed theory are those who cite the effects of folds on the markings and impressions thru the paper, physical evidence that proves the marking was applied after the lettersheet had been folded. Our opinion is that the markings were applied after the letter was folded and given to the Sub Post Office, but that a mechanical device -- similar to a corporate seal -- was used to make the impression. Each letter, when inserted into the device along the guides, would receive the impression in the same relative position and orientation, not unlike a three-hole paper-punch device commonly used today.

In summary, historical evidence supports the status of the Northern Liberties News Rooms Sub Post Office as an official carrier drop point for mail to the main Philadelphia post office. However, physical evidence refutes the claim that these lettersheets were sold to patrons as stamped stationery to indicate prepayment of the carrier fee; the marking is better classified as an elaborate and mechanically-applied indication of letter handling.

Calvet M. Hahn records between 12 and 14 examples of Type I (some duplication of items is possible).

E. 7,500-10,000
5,000
Back to Top
United States
U.S. Stamps
Back-of-Book
Carriers, Locals and Independent Mails
2003-05-31
The D.K. Collection of U.S. Carriers & Locals
c
Sale Number 862, Lot Number 42, Carrier Departments (Philadelphia Pa.)Northern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post Office, Northern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post OfficeNorthern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post Office. Type I circular mark impressed at left on Jan. 30, 1836 folded letter to Turbitville Pa., sender's directive "The Postmaster will forward this letter as soon as it comes to hand", faint red "Phila. 31 Jan." in octagonal frame, red ms. "12-1/2" rate, splits and wear along file fold and folds at sides are reinforced

VERY FINE. ONE OF 12-14 RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE NORTHERN LIBERTIES NEWS ROOMS MARKING, WHICH WAS APPLIED TO MAIL HANDLED BY THE SUB POST OFFICE OPERATED BY ANDREW McMAKIN.

Prior to 1854, the Northern Liberties area (north of Vine Street) was outside Philadelphia's city limits. Carriers were used to transport mail between outlying areas and the main post office in Philadelphia. The term Sub Post Office refers to a location where letters could be deposited for delivery to the main post office. The Northern Liberties News Rooms, which advertised its services as early as 1833, established a Sub Post Office in 1835. The proprietor at this time was Andrew McMakin. A news item appearing in the October 10, 1835, edition of the Philadelphia Saturday Courier states: "The enterprising, attentive and indefatigable proprietor of that popular establishment, the Northern Liberties Free Admission News Room, has found the business of his Sub Post Office so much on the increase, as to induce him to prepare a new and appropriate stamp, which we perceive is now imprinted upon all letters deposited at his office." (from research by Elliott Perry and J. William Middendorf). Later advertisements link the Sub Post Office in Northern Liberties with the main Philadelphia post office, which reinforces its status as an authorized drop point for mail. The sender's directive on the letter offered here recognizes the fact that the letter would be conveyed from the Sub Post Office to the main post office.

Debate among postal historians (Perry, Hahn et al) has focused on when the distinctive marking (Type I or II) was applied to letters. Some have argued that it is a press-printed impression applied to lettersheets prior to use and is, therefore, a carrier stamp. In support of the press-printed argument is the consistent orientation of the marking at the left side and at the same degree relative to the paper upon which it is impressed; it would be impossible to apply a hand-held striking device so consistently. Arguing against this press-printed theory are those who cite the effects of folds on the markings and impressions thru the paper, physical evidence that proves the marking was applied after the lettersheet had been folded. Our opinion is that the markings were applied after the letter was folded and given to the Sub Post Office, but that a mechanical device -- similar to a corporate seal -- was used to make the impression. Each letter, when inserted into the device along the guides, would receive the impression in the same relative position and orientation, not unlike a three-hole paper-punch device commonly used today. On the example offered here, the impression appears above the sender's note, but it does cover one word, showing that a) the sender did not write around an existing mark, and b) the person applying the mark was careful not to obscure the directions, except for the first word "The".

In summary, historical evidence supports the status of the Northern Liberties News Rooms Sub Post Office as an official carrier drop point for mail to the main Philadelphia post office. As such, we have positioned the Northern Liberties covers in the Philadelphia carrier section. However, physical evidence refutes the claim that these lettersheets were sold to patrons as stamped stationery to indicate prepayment of the carrier fee; the marking is better classified as an elaborate and mechanically-applied indication of letter handling.

Calvet M. Hahn records between 12 and 14 examples of Type I (some duplication of items is possible). Ex Hollowbush and Golden. With 2000 P.F. certificate

E. 10,000-15,000
9,000
Back to Top
United States
U.S. Stamps
Back-of-Book
Carriers, Locals and Independent Mails
1999-11-15
The David Golden Collection of U.S. Carriers and Locals
c
Sale Number 817, Lot Number 340, Northern Liberties News Rooms Sub Post OfficeNorthern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post Office, Northern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post OfficeNorthern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post Office. Type I circular mark impressed at left on Jan. 30, 1836 folded letter to Turbitville Pa., sender's directive "The Postmaster will forward this letter as soon as it comes to hand", faint red "Phila. 31 Jan." in octagonal frame, red ms. "12-1/2" rate, splits and wear along file fold and folds at sides are reinforced

VERY FINE. ONE OF 12-14 RECORDED EXAMPLES OF THE NORTHERN LIBERTIES NEWS ROOMS MARKING, WHICH WAS APPLIED TO MAIL HANDLED BY THE SUB POST OFFICE OPERATED BY ANDREW MCMAKIN.

Prior to 1854, the Northern Liberties area (north of Vine Street) was outside Philadelphia's city limits. Carriers were used to transport mail between outlying areas and the main post office in Philadelphia. The term Sub Post Office refers to a location where letters could be deposited for delivery to the main post office. The Northern Liberties News Rooms, which advertised its services as early as 1833, established a Sub Post Office in 1835. The proprietor at this time was Andrew McMakin. A news item appearing in the October 10, 1835, edition of the Philadelphia Saturday Courier states: "The enterprising, attentive and indefatigable proprietor of that popular establishment, the Northern Liberties Free Admission News Room, has found the business of his Sub Post Office so much on the increase, as to induce him to prepare a new and appropriate stamp, which we perceive is now imprinted upon all letters deposited at his office." (from research by Elliott Perry and J. William Middendorf, courtesy of Richard A. Frajola). Later advertisements link the Sub Post Office in Northern Liberties with the main Philadelphia post office, which reinforces its status as an authorized drop point for mail. The sender's directive on the letter offered here recognizes the fact that the letter would be conveyed from the Sub Post Office to the main post office.

Debate among postal historians (Perry, Hahn, Frajola et al) has focused on when the distinctive marking (Type I or II) was applied to letters. Some have argued that it is a press-printed impression applied to lettersheets prior to use and is, therefore, a carrier stamp. In support of the press-printed argument is the consistent orientation of the marking at the left side and at the same degree relative to the paper upon which it is impressed; it would be impossible to apply a hand-held striking device so consistently. Arguing against this press-printed theory are those who cite the effects of folds on the markings and impressions thru the paper, physical evidence that proves the marking was applied after the lettersheet had been folded. Our opinion is that the markings were applied after the letter was folded and given to the Sub Post Office, but that a mechanical device -- similar to a corporate seal -- was used to make the impression. Each letter, when inserted into the device along the guides, would receive the impression in the same relative position and orientation, not unlike a three-hole paper-punch device commonly used today. On the example offered here, the impression appears above the sender's note, but it does cover one word, showing that a) the sender did not write around an existing mark, and b) the person applying the mark was careful not to obscure the directions, except for the first word "The".

In summary, historical evidence supports the status of the Northern Liberties News Rooms Sub Post Office as an official carrier drop point for mail to the main Philadelphia post office. As such, we have positioned the Northern Liberties covers in the Philadelphia carrier section. However, physical evidence refutes the claim that these lettersheets were sold to patrons as stamped stationery to indicate prepayment of the carrier fee; the marking is better classified as an elaborate and mechanically-applied indication of letter handling.

Hahn and Frajola record between 12 and 14 examples of Type I (some duplication of items is possible). Ex Hollowbush.

E. 10,000-15,000
10,000
Back to Top
United States
U.S. Stamps
Back-of-Book
Carriers, Locals and Independent Mails
1999-11-15
The David Golden Collection of U.S. Carriers and Locals
c
Sale Number 817, Lot Number 341, Northern Liberties News Rooms Sub Post OfficeNorthern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post Office, Northern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post OfficeNorthern Liberties News Rooms, Sub Post Office. Clear impression of Type I circular mark on one-third of folded cover, red "Phila. 20 Mar." (1836) datestamp in octagonal frame, Very Fine piece, not listed among the 12-14 examples in Hahn census

E. 750-1,000
1,400
Back to Top
FILTER: All Sale Dates thru 2020/01/01, Catalogue = Northern Liberties

14 Selected Lots , Page 1 of 2


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